How to format your references using the RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). It could be worse. Nature, 425(6959), 745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bavelier, D., & Davidson, R. J. (2013). Brain training: Games to do you good. Nature, 494(7438), 425–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schuler, B., Lipman, E. A., & Eaton, W. A. (2002). Probing the free-energy surface for protein folding with single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. Nature, 419(6908), 743–747.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Baker, P. A., Seltzer, G. O., Fritz, S. C., Dunbar, R. B., Grove, M. J., Tapia, P. M., Cross, S. L., Rowe, H. D., & Broda, J. P. (2001). The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 640–643.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D. W. (2014). Risk Management in Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dewey, S. (2013). Ethical Research with Sex Workers: Anthropological Approaches (T. Zheng, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee-Makiyama, H., & Verschelde, B. (2016). RETRACTED CHAPTER: OECD BEPS: Reconciling Global Trade, Taxation Principles and the Digital Economy. In F. Boccia & R. Leonardi (Eds.), The Challenge of the Digital Economy: Markets, Taxation and Appropriate Economic Models (pp. 55–68). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 13). The Rise And Rise Of The 2015 El Niño. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). NORAD’s Information Processing Improvement Program: Will It Enhance Mission Capability? (LCD-78-117). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephenson, J. H. (2010). Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, February 18). Tax Advice From Lawmakers and Lawbreakers. New York Times, BU13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bavelier & Davidson, 2013; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bavelier & Davidson, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Schuler et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Baker et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRAI Revista de Administração e Inovação
ISSN (print)1809-2039

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