How to format your references using the Radiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dang CV. Gene regulation: fine-tuned amplification in cells. Nature. 2014 Jul 24;511(7510):417–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meacham CE, Morrison SJ. Tumour heterogeneity and cancer cell plasticity. Nature. 2013 Sep 19;501(7467):328–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song H, Stevens CF, Gage FH. Astroglia induce neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells. Nature. 2002 May 2;417(6884):39–44.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Milly PCD, Wetherald RT, Dunne KA, Delworth TL. Increasing risk of great floods in a changing climate. Nature. 2002 Jan 31;415(6871):514–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meghouar H. Corporate Takeover Targets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Tillema H, Westhuizen GJ van der, Smith K, editors. Mentoring for Learning: “Climbing the Mountain.” Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015. XVI, 346 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Angermann L, Shestopalov YV, Yatsyk VV. Eigenmodes of Linearised Problems of Scattering and Generation of Oscillations on Cubically Polarisable Layers. In: Beilina L, editor. Inverse Problems and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 67–80. (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiología.

Blog post
Andrew E. Iconic Kenyan Elephant Slain By Poachers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Vouchers: Characteristics of Privately Funded Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-752.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen J. Moving office document processing into the cloud [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Contrasting Art and Creating Dialogue. New York Times. 2015 Sep 20;CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiología
ISSN (print)2173-5107

Other styles