How to format your references using the Radiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu K. Materials science. The future of metals. Science. 2010 Apr 16;328(5976):319–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maniatis T, Tasic B. Alternative pre-mRNA splicing and proteome expansion in metazoans. Nature. 2002 Jul 11;418(6894):236–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kareiva P, Chang A, Marvier M. Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects. Science. 2008 Sep 19;321(5896):1638–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Metsanurk E, Tamm A, Caro A, Aabloo A, Klintenberg M. First-principles study of point defects at a semicoherent interface. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 19;4:7567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perera AH, Buse LJ. Ecology of Wildfire Residuals in Boreal Forests. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Proulx T, editor. Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 6: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XII, 668 p. (Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series).
A chapter in an edited book
Rose S, van der Laan MJ. Introduction to TMLE. In: Rose S, editor. Targeted Learning: Causal Inference for Observational and Experimental Data. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 67–82. (Springer Series in Statistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiología.

Blog post
Davis J. New Species Of Bee Found To Quarry Nests Into Solid Rock In Death Valley [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Russian-Built and Service Module Compliance With Safety Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-00-96R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armani MD. Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. The Nuptials Are Set. The Groom? TBD. New York Times. 2017 May 11;C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiología
ISSN (print)2173-5107

Other styles