How to format your references using the Radiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morell V. When the bat sings. Science. 2014 Jun 20;344(6190):1334–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fuller MT, Spradling AC. Male and female Drosophila germline stem cells: two versions of immortality. Science. 2007 Apr 20;316(5823):402–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gorzelak P, Głuchowski E, Salamon MA. Reassessing the improbability of a muscular crinoid stem. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 13;4:6049.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lou Z, Minter-Dykhouse K, Wu X, Chen J. MDC1 is coupled to activated CHK2 in mammalian DNA damage response pathways. Nature. 2003 Feb 27;421(6926):957–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Lee KM, Matsushita Y, Rehg JM, Hu Z, editors. Computer Vision – ACCV 2012: 11th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Daejeon, Korea, November 5-9, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XXIV, 661 p. 324 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7727).
A chapter in an edited book
Haynes TW. All My Favorite Conjectures Are Critical. In: Gera R, Hedetniemi S, Larson C, editors. Graph Theory: Favorite Conjectures and Open Problems - 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 63–82. (Problem Books in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiología.

Blog post
Fang J. The Moon Gets Broadband Wireless Connection [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Jun. Report No.: LCD-75-421.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson P. A Case Study of the Efficacy of Middle College on Educational Advancement [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Wounded by ‘Fearless Girl,’ Creator of ‘Charging Bull’ Wants Her to Move. New York Times. 2017 Apr 12;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiología
ISSN (print)2173-5107

Other styles