How to format your references using the Radiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hahn R. Ronald Harry Coase (1910-2013). Nature. 2013 Oct 24;502(7472):449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nogueiras R, Tschöp M. Biomedicine. Separation of conjoined hormones yields appetite rivals. Science. 2005 Nov 11;310(5750):985–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nicastro F, Mathur S, Elvis M. Missing baryons and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Science. 2008 Jan 4;319(5859):55–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hasan S, Hassa PO, Imhof R, Hottiger MO. Transcription coactivator p300 binds PCNA and may have a role in DNA repair synthesis. Nature. 2001 Mar 15;410(6826):387–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBain GD. Theory of Lift. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Abergel F, Aoyama H, Chakrabarti BK, Chakraborti A, Ghosh A, editors. Econophysics and Data Driven Modelling of Market Dynamics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XIII, 353 p. 116 illus. (New Economic Windows).
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens PJJ, Perret JK, Irawan T, Yushkova E. The Methodology of the EIIW-vita Indicator. In: Perret JK, Irawan T, Yushkova E, editors. Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiología.

Blog post
Andrew E. When Exploding Whales Goes Horribly Wrong. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Impact of New Trade Compliance Strategy Needs to Be Assessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Dec. Report No.: GGD-00-23.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumner I. Quantum wavepacket ab initio molecular dynamics: Simulating quantum nuclear effects in complex systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink S. Even Nightmares Are Classified. New York Times. 2016 Nov 12;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiología
ISSN (print)2173-5107

Other styles