How to format your references using the Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, M. (2002). Weaving life’s pattern. Nature, 418(6895), 279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter, I., & Dilkes, B. P. (2012). Elemental profiles reflect plant adaptations to the environment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1661–1663.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanash, S. M., Pitteri, S. J., & Faca, V. M. (2008). Mining the plasma proteome for cancer biomarkers. Nature, 452(7187), 571–579.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cohen-Armon, M., Visochek, L., Katzoff, A., Levitan, D., Susswein, A. J., Klein, R., Valbrun, M., & Schwartz, J. H. (2004). Long-term memory requires polyADP-ribosylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1820–1822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen, S., Pedersen-Bjergaard, S., & Rasmussen, K. (2011). Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Burger, J. (Ed.). (2011). Stakeholders and Scientists: Achieving Implementable Solutions to Energy and Environmental Issues. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Naredo, E., Dunn, E., & Trujillo, L. (2013). Disparity Map Estimation by Combining Cost Volume Measures Using Genetic Programming. In O. Schütze, C. A. Coello Coello, A.-A. Tantar, E. Tantar, P. Bouvry, P. Del Moral, & P. Legrand (Eds.), EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation II (pp. 71–86). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, October 21). How Our Ancestors First Used Fire To Shape Tools 70,000 Years Ago. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Surface Infrastructure: Review of the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s Restructuring Plan (RCED-98-237R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stockman, S. B. (2015). Daughters of Yahweh: Recovering the deep feminine from the Yahweh complex [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, March 10). Enter, Hermès, West Coast Style. New York Times, ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Baxter & Dilkes, 2012; Konner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baxter & Dilkes, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Hanash et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cohen-Armon et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain
ISSN (print)0275-3987
ISSN (online)2162-1535

Other styles