How to format your references using the Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, L. H. (2004). Periodical cicadas as resource pulses in North American forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1565–1567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita, M., & Kami, K. (2012). Cancer. Systems biology, metabolomics, and cancer metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6084), 990–991.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nicoll, R. A., Tomita, S., & Bredt, D. S. (2006). Auxiliary subunits assist AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5765), 1253–1256.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Macchiarelli, R., Bondioli, L., Debénath, A., Mazurier, A., Tournepiche, J.-F., Birch, W., & Dean, M. C. (2006). How Neanderthal molar teeth grew. Nature, 444(7120), 748–751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei, A. R. (2014). Extended Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hakeem, K. R., Jawaid, M., & Rashid, U. (Eds.). (2014). Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Quattrocolo, S. (2015). The Right to Information in EU Legislation. In S. Ruggeri (Ed.), Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty (pp. 81–93). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 24). Doctors in India Remove 232 Teeth From Mouth Of Teenage Boy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Line-item Control of Contractors’ Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs (PSAD-76-54). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daczo, Z. (2012). Wage inequality and the gender wage gap: Are American women swimming upstream? [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A. L., Rosenberg, E., & Mueller, B. (2016, November 4). Police Sergeant Fatally Shot in the Bronx; Another Is Injured. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tomita & Kami, 2012; Yang, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomita & Kami, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Nicoll et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Macchiarelli et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain
ISSN (print)0275-3987
ISSN (online)2162-1535

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