How to format your references using the Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pokrovsky, V. (2015). Science policy. Russia targets Western ties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 224–225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegerl, G. C., & Bindoff, N. L. (2005). Ocean science. Warming the world’s oceans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 254–255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B., Chen, J., & Corlett, R. T. (2014). Factors influencing repeated seed movements by scatter-hoarding rodents in an alpine forest. Scientific Reports, 4, 4786.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Day, J. M. D., Ash, R. D., Liu, Y., Bellucci, J. J., Rumble, D., 3rd, McDonough, W. F., … Taylor, L. A. (2009). Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust. Nature, 457(7226), 179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anthony, B., Boudnik, K., Adams, C., Shao, B., Lee, C., & Sasaki, K. (2016). Professional Hadoop®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
García, C. R., Caballero-Gil, P., Burmester, M., & Quesada-Arencibia, A. (Eds.). (2016). Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence: 10th International Conference, UCAmI 2016, San Bartolomé de Tirajana, Gran Canaria, Spain, November 29 – December 2, 2016, Part II (Vol. 10070). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, V.-T., Vu, H., & Tran, T.-H. (2015). An Efficient Combination of RGB and Depth for Background Subtraction. In Q. A. Dang, X. H. Nguyen, H. B. Le, V. H. Nguyen, & V. N. Q. Bao (Eds.), Some Current Advanced Researches on Information and Computer Science in Vietnam: Post-proceedings of The First NAFOSTED Conference on Information and Computer Science (pp. 49–63). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, October 19). Echidnas Are Key To The Health Of Australia’s Soils. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Contemplated Legislation To Provide Telecommunications for the Deaf (No. LCD-78-118). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, B. A. (2010). Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, October 27). Pujols Won’t Find Unconditional Love Anywhere Else. New York Times, p. B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pokrovsky, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hegerl & Bindoff, 2005; Pokrovsky, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegerl & Bindoff, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Chen, & Corlett, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Day et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain
ISSN (print)0275-3987
ISSN (online)2162-1535

Other styles