How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2003). Insurers left reeling by disaster year. Nature, 421(6919), 99.
A journal article with 2 authors
Headlam, D., & Brown, M. (2007). Comment on “The geometry of musical chords.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5810), 330; author reply 330.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, Y., Zhang, G., & Zhang, Y.-W. (2014). Layer-dependent band alignment and work function of few-layer phosphorene. Scientific Reports, 4, 6677.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Charpinet, S., Fontaine, G., Brassard, P., Green, E. M., Van Grootel, V., Randall, S. K., … Telting, J. H. (2011). A compact system of small planets around a former red-giant star. Nature, 480(7378), 496–499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Siebert, G., & Maniatis, I. (2012). Tragende Bauteile aus Glas. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wolter, K. (Ed.). (2007). Formal Methods and Stochastic Models for Performance Evaluation: Fourth European Performance Engineering Workshop, EPEW 2007, Berlin, Germany, September 27-28, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4748). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jin, C., Liu, J., & Guo, J. (2015). A Hybrid Model Based on Mutual Information and Support Vector Machine for Automatic Image Annotation. In R. Silhavy, R. Senkerik, Z. K. Oplatkova, Z. Prokopova, & P. Silhavy (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence Perspectives and Applications: Proceedings of the 4th Computer Science On-line Conference 2015 (CSOC2015), Vol 1: Artificial Intelligence Perspectives and Applications (pp. 29–38). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 9). Gamers More Likely To Be Social, Educated Than Non-Gamers. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Global Warming: Limitations of General Circulation Models and Costs of Modeling Efforts (No. RCED-95-164). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, T. (2010). Understanding gold nanoisland formation using transport measurement (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. (1995, October 22). Castaway. New York Times, p. 77.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Headlam & Brown, 2007; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Headlam & Brown, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Cai, Zhang, & Zhang, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Charpinet et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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