How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cannatella, D. C. (2008). Comment on “Habitat split and the global decline of amphibians.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5878), 874; author reply 874.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGlade, C., & Ekins, P. (2015). The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting global warming to 2 °C. Nature, 517(7533), 187–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polleux, F., Morrow, T., & Ghosh, A. (2000). Semaphorin 3A is a chemoattractant for cortical apical dendrites. Nature, 404(6778), 567–573.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ou, G., Blacque, O. E., Snow, J. J., Leroux, M. R., & Scholey, J. M. (2005). Functional coordination of intraflagellar transport motors. Nature, 436(7050), 583–587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yaacoub, E. E., & Dawy, Z. (2012). Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Londral, A. R., Encarnação, P., & Rovira, J. L. P. (Eds.). (2015). Neurotechnology, Electronics, and Informatics: Revised Selected Papers from Neurotechnix 2013 (Vol. 13). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tornyai, R., & Kertesz, A. (2014). Towards Autonomous Data Sharing Across Personal Clouds. In L. Lopes, J. Žilinskas, A. Costan, R. G. Cascella, G. Kecskemeti, E. Jeannot, M. Cannataro, L. Ricci, S. Benkner, S. Petit, V. Scarano, J. Gracia, S. Hunold, S. L. Scott, S. Lankes, C. Lengauer, J. Carretero, J. Breitbart, & M. Alexander (Eds.), Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops: Euro-Par 2014 International Workshops, Porto, Portugal, August 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II (pp. 50–61). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 18). HIV Undetectable In Two Patients Following Cancer Treatment. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). FCC: Service and Auction Rules for the 38.6-40.0 GHz Frequency Band (OGC-98-29). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knoth, K. C. (2017). Biological Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: An Examination of an Introductory Level Implementation [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Baker, P. (2017, May 19). Leaving Stress As More Waits In Trip Abroad. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannatella, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cannatella, 2008; McGlade & Ekins, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McGlade & Ekins, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Polleux et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ou et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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