How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Oost, J. (2013). Molecular biology. New tool for genome surgery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6121), 768–770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassenaer, S., & Laurent, G. (2007). Hebbian STDP in mushroom bodies facilitates the synchronous flow of olfactory information in locusts. Nature, 448(7154), 709–713.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tateishi-Karimata, H., Nakano, M., & Sugimoto, N. (2014). Comparable stability of Hoogsteen and Watson-Crick base pairs in ionic liquid choline dihydrogen phosphate. Scientific Reports, 4, 3593.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, W. G., Pearse, A., Li, M., Hageman, S., Chen, A. X., Zhu, F. Q., & Chien, C. L. (2013). Parallel fabrication of magnetic tunnel junction nanopillars by nanosphere lithography. Scientific Reports, 3, 1948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards, A., & Dafydd, H. (2014). Key Notes on Plastic Surgery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shah, K., Lakshmi Gorty, V. R., & Phirke, A. (Eds.). (2011). Technology Systems and Management: First International Conference, ICTSM 2011, Mumbai, India, February 25-27, 2011. Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Platen, E., & Bruti-Liberati, N. (2010). Stochastic Expansions. In N. Bruti-Liberati (Ed.), Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps in Finance (pp. 187–231). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 21). Living Longer, Sicker Lives? Make Lifestyle Changes To Remain Healthier In Old Age. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Release of Carson City Silver Dollar Bidders List (No. LCD-79-106). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eslava Rios, J. (2015). Automatic melanoma detection in dermatological images (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, July 23). Guardian Angels Welcome in Greenport. New York Times, p. 14LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van der Oost, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cassenaer & Laurent, 2007; van der Oost, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cassenaer & Laurent, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Tateishi-Karimata, Nakano, & Sugimoto, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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