How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gopnik, A. (2012). Scientific thinking in young children: theoretical advances, empirical research, and policy implications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1623–1627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shah, R. R., & Abbott, N. L. (2001). Principles for measurement of chemical exposure based on recognition-driven anchoring transitions in liquid crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1296–1299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng, C., Liu, X., & Wang, G. (2014). Electrically tunable graphene plasmonic quasicrystal metasurfaces for transformation optics. Scientific Reports, 4, 5763.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Szufnarowska, J., Rohlfing, K. J., Fawcett, C., & Gredebäck, G. (2014). Is ostension any more than attention? Scientific Reports, 4, 5304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summers, N. (2010). Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Princiotta, F. (Ed.). (2011). Global Climate Change - The Technology Challenge (Vol. 38). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozlovics, S. (2016). Models and Model Transformations Within Web Applications. In G. Arnicans, V. Arnicane, J. Borzovs, & L. Niedrite (Eds.), Databases and Information Systems: 12th International Baltic Conference, DB&IS 2016, Riga, Latvia, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 53–67). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 12). Scientists Have Discovered Why Carrots Are Orange. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Making Progress to Rapidly Deliver Low Cost Space Capabilities, but Challenges Remain (GAO-08-516). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldron, K. D. (2017). The Influence of Leadership Emotional Intelligence on Employee Engagement [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, March 20). A ‘Triumphant Return’ for a Church’s 17th-Century Tapestries. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gopnik, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gopnik, 2012; Shah & Abbott, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shah & Abbott, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Zeng et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Szufnarowska et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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