How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dzenis, Y. (2004). Material science. Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1917–1919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gouaux, E., & Mackinnon, R. (2005). Principles of selective ion transport in channels and pumps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1461–1465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom, J. D., Gong, L. I., & Baltimore, D. (2010). Permissive secondary mutations enable the evolution of influenza oseltamivir resistance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5983), 1272–1275.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rizzini, L., Favory, J.-J., Cloix, C., Faggionato, D., O’Hara, A., Kaiserli, E., Baumeister, R., Schäfer, E., Nagy, F., Jenkins, G. I., & Ulm, R. (2011). Perception of UV-B by the Arabidopsis UVR8 protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6025), 103–106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S. (2010). Computational Photonics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Helekar, S. A. (Ed.). (2013). Animal Models of Speech and Language Disorders. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Scherm, H., Ngugi, H. K., & Ojiambo, P. S. (2006). Trends in theoretical plant epidemiology. In B. M. Cooke (Ed.), Plant disease epidemiology: facing challenges of the 21st Century: Under the aegis of an International Plant Disease Epidemiology Workshop held at Landernau, France, 10–15th April, 2005 (pp. 61–73). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 3). China To Ban All Trade In Ivory By End Of 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Electronic Government: National Archives and Records Administration’s Fiscal Year 2011 Expenditure Plan (GAO-11-299). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, J. (2013). Multispectral Imaging of Skin Oxygenation [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 14). Where Everybody Knows Your Name (and Dad’s). New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dzenis, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Dzenis, 2004; Gouaux & Mackinnon, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gouaux & Mackinnon, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Bloom et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rizzini et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

Other styles