How to format your references using the Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dlott, D. D. (2005). Chemistry. Ultrafast chemical exchange seen with 2D vibrational echoes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739), 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, K. J., & Bhagwat, S. A. (2009). Ecology. Biodiversity and climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5954), 806–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rome, L. C., Flynn, L., & Yoo, T. D. (2006). Biomechanics: rubber bands reduce the cost of carrying loads. Nature, 444(7122), 1023–1024.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Davis, S., Trapman, P., Leirs, H., Begon, M., & Heesterbeek, J. A. P. (2008). The abundance threshold for plague as a critical percolation phenomenon. Nature, 454(7204), 634–637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ravindran, K. (2014). The Mathematics of Financial Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, G., Zhang, D., Shen, D., Yan, P., Suzuki, K., & Wang, F. (Eds.). (2013). Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: 4th International Workshop, MLMI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 8184). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Morales, J. O., Watts, A. B., & McConville, J. T. (2012). Mechanical Particle-Size Reduction Techniques. In R. O. Williams III, A. B. Watts, & D. A. Miller (Eds.), Formulating Poorly Water Soluble Drugs (pp. 133–170). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17). Transport’s Innovation Problem: Why Haven’t Flying Cars Taken Off? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Costs and Uses of Remote Sensing Satellites (RCED-83-111). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solorzano, E. (2014). A mindfulness-based psycho-educational group for caregivers of older adults: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, August 11). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dlott, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dlott, 2005; Willis & Bhagwat, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willis & Bhagwat, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Rome et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Davis et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Conscious. (Wash., DC)
ISSN (print)2326-5523
ISSN (online)2326-5531

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