How to format your references using the Psychology, Health & Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology, Health & Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doncaster, C. P. (2006). Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” III. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1100; author reply 1100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patterson, G. H., & Lippincott-Schwartz, J. (2002). A photoactivatable GFP for selective photolabeling of proteins and cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5588), 1873–1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiesecker, J. M., Blaustein, A. R., & Belden, L. K. (2001). Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature, 410(6829), 681–684.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hopkins, B. D., Pauli, C., Du, X., Wang, D. G., Li, X., Wu, D., Amadiume, S. C., Goncalves, M. D., Hodakoski, C., Lundquist, M. R., Bareja, R., Ma, Y., Harris, E. M., Sboner, A., Beltran, H., Rubin, M. A., Mukherjee, S., & Cantley, L. C. (2018). Suppression of insulin feedback enhances the efficacy of PI3K inhibitors. Nature, 560(7719), 499–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, J. (2008). Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Castelnuovo, G. (2011). La donazione in Italia: Situazione e prospettive della donazione di sangue, organi, tessuti, cellule e midollo osseo (R. Menici & M. Fedi, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Warrier, S. B., & Kharkar, P. S. (2016). Inverse Virtual Screening in Drug Repositioning: Detailed Investigation and Case Studies. In P. Ramasami, M. Gupta Bhowon, S. Jhaumeer Laulloo, & H. Li Kam Wah (Eds.), Crystallizing Ideas – The Role of Chemistry (pp. 71–83). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology, Health & Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 17). Mystery Virus That Turned Millions Of Starfish Into Goo Is Finally Identified. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). College Work-Study Program (No. 089627). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederiksen, M. D. (2013). Engaging physicians to support corporate compliance programs: A grounded theory study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, February 23). Top Judge Goes Where Flaws Are Acute to Address State of Courts. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doncaster, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Doncaster, 2006; Patterson & Lippincott-Schwartz, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patterson & Lippincott-Schwartz, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kiesecker et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hopkins et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology, Health & Medicine
AbbreviationPsychol. Health Med.
ISSN (print)1354-8506
ISSN (online)1465-3966
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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