How to format your references using the Psychology, Health & Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology, Health & Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, R. (2000). Making hard light sharper. Nature, 404(6776), 345, 347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hsieh-Wilson, L. C., & Griffin, M. E. (2013). Chemistry. Improving biologic drugs via total chemical synthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6164), 1332–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Menz, M. H. M., Dixon, K. W., & Hobbs, R. J. (2013). Ecology. Hurdles and opportunities for landscape-scale restoration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6119), 526–527.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Engel, G. S., Calhoun, T. R., Read, E. L., Ahn, T.-K., Mancal, T., Cheng, Y.-C., … Fleming, G. R. (2007). Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems. Nature, 446(7137), 782–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. (2012). Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Devos, J., Landeghem, H. van, & Deschoolmeester, D. (Eds.). (2014). Information Systems for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: State of Art of IS Research in SMEs. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neef, J. (2008). Campus Career Services and Centers. In R. W. Hartel & C. P. Klawitter (Eds.), Careers in Food Science: From Undergraduate to Professional (pp. 1–8). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology, Health & Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 11). Graphene Is Missing Ingredient To Help Supercharge Batteries For Life On The Move. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress (No. GAO-14-72). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D. M. (2015). Prison nursery programs: Measuring society’s perceptions and support (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005, September 30). New Leader, Tough Issues for Court in Transition. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hsieh-Wilson & Griffin, 2013; Smith, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hsieh-Wilson & Griffin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Menz, Dixon, & Hobbs, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Engel et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology, Health & Medicine
AbbreviationPsychol. Health Med.
ISSN (print)1354-8506
ISSN (online)1465-3966
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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