How to format your references using the Psychology, Crime & Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology, Crime & Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tytell, E. D. (2008). Journal club: a neuroscientist marvels at our ability to learn unnatural tasks. Nature, 456(7223), 679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gale, M., Jr, & Foy, E. M. (2005). Evasion of intracellular host defence by hepatitis C virus. Nature, 436(7053), 939–945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, H. H., Woo, K., & Ahn, J.-P. (2013). Core-shell bimetallic nanoparticles robustly fixed on the outermost surface of magnetic silica microspheres. Scientific Reports, 3, 1497.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, Y., Yu, C.-Y., Wang, J.-L., Guan, J., Chen, H.-Y., & Fang, J.-Y. (2014). MicroRNA sequence polymorphisms and the risk of different types of cancer. Scientific Reports, 4, 3648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont, D. P. (2011). Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Page, R., Horváth, Z., & Zsók, V. (Eds.). (2011). Trends in Functional Programming: 11th International Symposium, TFP 2010, Norman, OK, USA, May 17-19, 2010. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6546). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schierwater, B., & Kamm, K. (2010). The Early Evolution of Hox Genes: A Battle of Belief? In J. S. Deutsch (Ed.), Hox Genes: Studies from the 20th to the 21st Century (pp. 81–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology, Crime & Law.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 26). New “Natural Disasters” Report Reveals Billions Of People Worldwide At Risk. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Information Technology Services: Agencies Complying with Revision to Federal Acquisition Regulation (GAO-03-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wosu, U. L. (2017). Geochemical Analysis of Late Pleistocene Sediments from Fossil Lake, Northern Lake County, Oregon [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, August 19). Exit Hammet, Enter Holmes. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tytell, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gale & Foy, 2005; Tytell, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gale & Foy, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Park et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology, Crime & Law
AbbreviationPsychol. Crime Law
ISSN (print)1068-316X
ISSN (online)1477-2744
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine
General Psychology

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