How to format your references using the Psychology & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hill, F. (2007). ASTRONOMY. Waves in the Sun’s core. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1573–1574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartlett, D. H., & Azam, F. (2005). Microbiology. Chitin, cholera, and competence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1775–1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansel, D. E., Eipper, B. A., & Ronnett, G. V. (2001). Neuropeptide Y functions as a neuroproliferative factor. Nature, 410(6831), 940–944.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zitin, A., Gorowara, A., Squires, S., Herrera, M., Antonsen, T. M., Girvan, M., & Ott, E. (2014). Spatially embedded growing small-world networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 7047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. H. (2016). Leaders and Innovators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
White, W. B. (Ed.). (2015). The Caves of Burnsville Cove, Virginia: Fifty Years of Exploration and Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Grob, A., Colleran, C., & McStay, B. (2011). UBF an Essential Player in Maintenance of Active NORs and Nucleolar Formation. In M. O. J. Olson (Ed.), The Nucleolus (pp. 83–103). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Sexuality.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 21). How Nuclear Power-Generating Reactors Have Evolved Since Their Birth In The 1950s. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Contract Award of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to the Institute for Law and Social Research (No. GGD-76-9). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casco, D. (2014). Consonance: An inter play of music and design to evoke curiosity and awareness of our musical identity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. (1995, February 26). A Repulsively Lonely Man. New York Times, p. 71.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hill, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bartlett & Azam, 2005; Hill, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bartlett & Azam, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Hansel, Eipper, & Ronnett, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zitin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Sexuality
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex.
ISSN (print)1941-9899
ISSN (online)1941-9902
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)
Gender Studies

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