How to format your references using the Psychology & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoelzel, A. R. (2015). CONSERVATION. Can DNA foil the poachers? Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Venitt, S., & Phillips, D. H. (2012). Philip D. Lawley (1927-2011). Nature, 482(7383), 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinberger, B., Sutherland, R., & O’Connell, R. J. (2004). Prediction of Emperor-Hawaii seamount locations from a revised model of global plate motion and mantle flow. Nature, 430(6996), 167–173.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Patil, R. A., Devan, R. S., Lin, J.-H., Liou, Y., & Ma, Y.-R. (2013). An efficient methodology for measurement of the average electrical properties of single one-dimensional NiO nanorods. Scientific Reports, 3, 3070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante, P. A., & Ovaska, S. J. (2011). Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gheorghe, M., Păun, G., Rozenberg, G., Salomaa, A., & Verlan, S. (Eds.). (2012). Membrane Computing: 12th International Conference, CMC 2011, Fontainebleau, France, August 23-26, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7184). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lusk, E. (2009). Using MPI to Implement Scalable Libraries. In M. Ropo, J. Westerholm, & J. Dongarra (Eds.), Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 16th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Espoo, Finland, September 7-10, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 6–6). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Sexuality.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 5). FDA Approves First 3D-Printed Drug. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Highway Safety: Selected Cases of Commercial Drivers with Potentially Disqualifying Impairments (GAO-13-13). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caverly, R. S. (2010). Marketing masculinity: Male identity, boy culture, and the Boy Scouts of America 1900–1940 [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, May 4). Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoelzel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hoelzel, 2015; Venitt & Phillips, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venitt & Phillips, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Steinberger et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Patil et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Sexuality
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex.
ISSN (print)1941-9899
ISSN (online)1941-9902
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)
Gender Studies

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