How to format your references using the Psychology & Sexuality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Sexuality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fender, R. P. (2000). ASTRONOMY: A New Source of Gamma Rays. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5475), 2326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ceci, S., & Williams, W. M. (2009). Darwin 200: Should scientists study race and IQ? YES: The scientific truth must be pursued. Nature, 457(7231), 788–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mempel, T. R., Henrickson, S. E., & Von Andrian, U. H. (2004). T-cell priming by dendritic cells in lymph nodes occurs in three distinct phases. Nature, 427(6970), 154–159.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lü, X.-T., Dijkstra, F. A., Kong, D.-L., Wang, Z.-W., & Han, X.-G. (2014). Plant nitrogen uptake drives responses of productivity to nitrogen and water addition in a grassland. Scientific Reports, 4, 4817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cretu, O., Stewart, R., & Berends, T. (2011). Risk Management for Design and Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meiners, C. R. (2010). Hardware Based Packet Classification for High Speed Internet Routers (A. X. Liu & E. Torng, Eds.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bronshtein, I. N., Semendyayev, K. A., Musiol, G., & Mühlig, H. (2015). Algebra and Discrete Mathematics. In K. A. Semendyayev, G. Musiol, & H. Mühlig (Eds.), Handbook of Mathematics (pp. 323–431). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Sexuality.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 6). Just How Little Do We Know About The Ocean Floor? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments (GAO-14-568T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg, V. (2010). Cultural competence training: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, June 10). Mets Fall to Braves, but Help Is Coming as Cespedes Is Set to Return. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fender, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ceci & Williams, 2009; Fender, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ceci & Williams, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Mempel et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lü et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Sexuality
AbbreviationPsychol. Sex.
ISSN (print)1941-9899
ISSN (online)1941-9902
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)
Gender Studies

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