How to format your references using the Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P. A. (2014). Physics. Seeking out Majorana under the microscope. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6209), 545–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simner, J., & Ward, J. (2006). Synaesthesia: the taste of words on the tip of the tongue. Nature, 444(7118), 438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Attardo, A., Fitzgerald, J. E., & Schnitzer, M. J. (2015). Impermanence of dendritic spines in live adult CA1 hippocampus. Nature, 523(7562), 592–596.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deleris, A., Gallego-Bartolome, J., Bao, J., Kasschau, K. D., Carrington, J. C., & Voinnet, O. (2006). Hierarchical action and inhibition of plant Dicer-like proteins in antiviral defense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sehgal, V. (2011). Supply Chain as Strategic Asset. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dollard, M. F., Shimazu, A., Bin Nordin, R., Brough, P., & Tuckey, M. R. (Eds.). (2014). Psychosocial Factors at Work in the Asia Pacific. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mourek, J., & Miko, L. (2010). Ontogeny of the famulus in selected members of Damaeidae (Acari: Oribatida) and its suitability as a phylogenetic marker. In M. W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds.), Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress (pp. 31–36). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 4). Wedding Bells Or Single Again: Psychology Predicts Where Your Relationship Is Headed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). NASA: Major Challenges for Management (T-NSIAD-94-18). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julian, A. (2017). Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2017, September 21). Funny, but Not Funny Enough for The New Yorker. New York Times, C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2014; Simner & Ward, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simner & Ward, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Attardo et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Deleris et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Psychother.
ISSN (print)1476-0835
ISSN (online)2044-8341
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles