How to format your references using the Psychology & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2002). Genomics: sorry, dogs - man’s got a new best friend. Nature, 420(6917), 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos, A. A. N., & Bradley, R. A. (2009). Environment. Energy and technology policies for managing carbon risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 949–950.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gebauer, D., Völkel, A., & Cölfen, H. (2008). Stable prenucleation calcium carbonate clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), 1819–1822.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ritenberg, M., Beilis, E., Ilovitsh, A., Barkai, Z., Shahmoon, A., Richter, S., Zalevsky, Z., & Jelinek, R. (2014). “Beating speckles” via electrically-induced vibrations of Au nanorods embedded in sol-gel. Scientific Reports, 4, 3666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gatarek, D., Bachert, P., & Maksymiuk, R. (2007). The LIBOR Market Model in Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Jaramillo, D. (2014). Virtualization Techniques for Mobile Systems (B. Furht & A. Agarwal, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Küster, U., Lausen, H., & König-Ries, B. (2008). Evaluation of Semantic Service Discovery—A Survey and Directions for Future Research. In T. Gschwind & C. Pautasso (Eds.), Emerging Web Services Technology, Volume II (pp. 41–58). Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Health.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, February 2). Extremely Elusive Monkey Population Captured On Camera For First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Reserve Is Acting to Ensure Financial Institutions Are Fixing Systems, But Challenges Remain (AIMD-98-248). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, J. T. (2010). Evaluation of a social science simulation by uncertainty analysis and comparison [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, August 29). A Brooklyn Life On the Big Screen. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2002; Patrinos & Bradley, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patrinos & Bradley, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Gebauer et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ritenberg et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Health
AbbreviationPsychol. Health
ISSN (print)0887-0446
ISSN (online)1476-8321
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Applied Psychology

Other styles