How to format your references using the Psychology & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeng, N. (2003). Atmospheric science. Drought in the Sahel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 999–1000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos, J. B., & Schluter, D. (2000). Analysis of an evolutionary species-area relationship. Nature, 408(6814), 847–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sahu, G., Sukumaran, S., & Bera, A. K. (2014). Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Scientific Reports, 4, 4955.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pascual, G., Fong, A. L., Ogawa, S., Gamliel, A., Li, A. C., Perissi, V., … Glass, C. K. (2005). A SUMOylation-dependent pathway mediates transrepression of inflammatory response genes by PPAR-gamma. Nature, 437(7059), 759–763.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo, G., & García-Martín, M. A. (2005). The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Block, D. L., Freeman, K. C., & Puerari, I. (Eds.). (2010). Galaxies and their Masks: A Conference in Honour of K.C. Freeman, FRS. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nigmatullin, R. R. (2010). New Noninvasive Methods for ‘Reading’ of Random Sequences and Their Applications in Nanotechnology. In D. Baleanu, Z. B. Guvenc, & J. A. T. Machado (Eds.), New Trends in Nanotechnology and Fractional Calculus Applications (pp. 43–56). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, June 2). Koalas Listed As Vulnerable Throughout Queensland. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects (No. AIMD-98-82). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maafi, N. (2017). Assessment of Volatile Metabolites for In Situ Detection of Fungal Decay of Wood (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012, October 25). Islanders Leaving, the Glory Long Gone. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeng, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Losos & Schluter, 2000; Zeng, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos & Schluter, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sahu, Sukumaran, & Bera, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pascual et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Health
AbbreviationPsychol. Health
ISSN (print)0887-0446
ISSN (online)1476-8321
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Applied Psychology

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