How to format your references using the Psychology & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sterman, J. D. (2008). Economics. Risk communication on climate: mental models and mass balance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5901), 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloodgood, B. L., & Sabatini, B. L. (2005). Neuronal activity regulates diffusion across the neck of dendritic spines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 866–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Upadhyay, D., Scherer, E. E., & Mezger, K. (2009). (142)Nd evidence for an enriched Hadean reservoir in cratonic roots. Nature, 459(7250), 1118–1121.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, Y., Dai, X., Blackwell, H. E., Schreiber, S. L., & Chory, J. (2003). SIR1, an upstream component in auxin signaling identified by chemical genetics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1107–1110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, N. (2013). Tools for Signal Compression. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sadeghian, A., Mendel, J. M., & Tahayori, H. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Type-2 Fuzzy Sets and Systems: Theory and Applications (Vol. 301). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Imbellone, A., Botte, B., & Medaglia, C. M. (2015). Intouch: Mobile Game-Based Learning for Non Routine Skills. In A. De Gloria (Ed.), Games and Learning Alliance: Third International Conference, GALA 2014, Bucharest, Romania, July 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 44–53). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 12). Scientists Claim They Have Created Sperm In The Lab For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Impact Aid: Most School Construction Requests Are Unfunded and Outdated (HRD-90-90). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurum, M. (2009). L-band estimation of forest canopy attenuation by a time-domain analysis of radar backscatter response [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, July 20). Soccer Gets a Second Look. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sterman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bloodgood & Sabatini, 2005; Sterman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloodgood & Sabatini, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Upadhyay et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Health
AbbreviationPsychol. Health
ISSN (print)0887-0446
ISSN (online)1476-8321
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Applied Psychology

Other styles