How to format your references using the Psychology & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu, Z. (2011). Modernization: One step at a time. Nature, 480(7378), S90-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergmann, O., & Frisén, J. (2013). Neuroscience. Why adults need new brain cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 695–696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackman, J. B., Burbridge, T. J., & Crair, M. C. (2012). Retinal waves coordinate patterned activity throughout the developing visual system. Nature, 490(7419), 219–225.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, Z., Ao, Z., Chu, D., Younis, A., Li, C. M., & Li, S. (2014). Reversible hydrophobic to hydrophilic transition in graphene via water splitting induced by UV irradiation. Scientific Reports, 4, 6450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stacey, W. M. (2012). Fusion Plasma Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dziegiel, P. (2016). Metallothioneins in Normal and Cancer Cells (B. Pula, C. Kobierzycki, M. Stasiolek, & M. Podhorska-Okolow, Eds.; 1st ed. 2016, Vol. 218). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ostafin, B. D. (2015). Taming the Wild Elephant: Mindfulness and Its Role in Overcoming Automatic Mental Processes. In B. D. Ostafin, M. D. Robinson, & B. P. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation (pp. 47–63). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, December 21). Sex Cells Exist To Protect Mitochondria From Mutation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Telecommunications: Subscriber Rates and Competition in the Cable Television Industry (GAO-04-262T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tillman, K. A. (2017). Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, December 17). You Can Take the A Train, but People Prefer to Wear the F. New York Times, 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xu, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bergmann & Frisén, 2013; Xu, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergmann & Frisén, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ackman et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Health
AbbreviationPsychol. Health
ISSN (print)0887-0446
ISSN (online)1476-8321
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Applied Psychology

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