How to format your references using the Psychology & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Magistretti, P. J. (2009). Neuroscience. Low-cost travel in neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5946), 1349–1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, D. W., & Wallace, J. M. (2001). Regional climate impacts of the Northern Hemisphere annular mode. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 85–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hägglund, C., Grätzel, M., & Kasemo, B. (2003). Comment on “efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2” (II). Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1673; discussion 1673.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kulkarni, A., Kim, B., Dugasani, S. R., Joshirao, P., Kim, J. A., Vyas, C., … Park, S. H. (2013). A novel nanometric DNA thin film as a sensor for alpha radiation. Scientific Reports, 3, 2062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett, K. (2016). The Experience of History. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sergienko, V. P. (2015). Noise and Vibration in Friction Systems (S. N. Bukharov, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Weismayer, C., Pezenka, I., & Loibl, W. (2016). Automated Hyperlink Text Analysis of City Websites: Projected Image Representation on the Web. In A. Inversini & R. Schegg (Eds.), Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2016: Proceedings of the International Conference in Bilbao, Spain, February 2-5, 2016 (pp. 59–72). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, February 2). New Horizons Performs Latest Maneuver On Journey To Distant Solar System Object.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Federal Research: Effectiveness of Small Business Innovation Research Program Procedures (No. RCED-87-63). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeHart, W. P. (2008). The leader liminal sphere: A phenomenological inquiry (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., Lyons, M., Hale, M., & Genzlinger, N. (2017, March 17). The Mission: To Transcend Time and Space. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Magistretti, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Magistretti, 2009; Thompson & Wallace, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson & Wallace, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Hägglund, Grätzel, & Kasemo, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kulkarni et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Health
AbbreviationPsychol. Health
ISSN (print)0887-0446
ISSN (online)1476-8321
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Applied Psychology

Other styles