How to format your references using the Psychology & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baird, B. N. (2006). Comment on “Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 615; author reply 615.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wardle, M., & Yusef-Zadeh, F. (2002). Supernova remnant OH masers: signposts of cosmic collision. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5577), 2350–2354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schröter, C., Kosma, K., & Schultz, T. (2011). CRASY: mass- or electron-correlated rotational alignment spectroscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 1011–1015.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Louzada, V. H. P., Araújo, N. A. M., Andrade, J. S., Jr, & Herrmann, H. J. (2013). Breathing synchronization in interconnected networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 3289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duhon, T. (2012). How the Trading Floor Really Works. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Fred, A., Dietz, J. L. G., Liu, K., & Filipe, J. (Eds.). (2011). Knowledge Discovery, Knowlege Engineering and Knowledge Management: First International Joint Conference, IC3K 2009, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, October 6-8, 2009, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 128). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Praveen, S., & Gangadharan, G. R. (2014). SecDSIM: A Framework for Secure Data Storage and Identity Management in the Cloud. In Z. Mahmood (Ed.), Cloud Computing: Challenges, Limitations and R&D Solutions (pp. 105–125). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology & Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 1). Using the Power of Evolution to Treat Cancer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Supply Management in the District of Columbia Public Schools (No. 089362). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ogawa, N. (2012). A Man Walks into the World [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, September 5). World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Air-Show Officials Face Trial. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baird, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baird, 2006; Wardle & Yusef-Zadeh, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wardle & Yusef-Zadeh, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Schröter et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Louzada et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology & Health
AbbreviationPsychol. Health
ISSN (print)0887-0446
ISSN (online)1476-8321
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Applied Psychology

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