How to format your references using the Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N. (2013). Photonics: Trick of the light. Nature, 495(7440), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macpherson, A. J., & Uhr, T. (2004). Induction of protective IgA by intestinal dendritic cells carrying commensal bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1662–1665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deuss, A., Irving, J. C. E., & Woodhouse, J. H. (2010). Regional variation of inner core anisotropy from seismic normal mode observations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5981), 1018–1020.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Petricevic, L., Kaufmann, U., Domig, K. J., Kraler, M., Marschalek, J., Kneifel, W., & Kiss, H. (2014). Molecular detection of Lactobacillus species in the neovagina of male-to-female transsexual women. Scientific Reports, 4, 3746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mascia, L. (2011). Polymers in Industry from A-Z. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Xiang, N., & Sessler, G. M. (Eds.). (2015). Acoustics, Information, and Communication: Memorial Volume in Honor of Manfred R. Schroeder. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Celikyilmaz, A., & Türksen, I. B. (2009). Modeling Uncertainty with Improved Fuzzy Functions. In I. B. Türksen (Ed.), Modeling Uncertainty with Fuzzy Logic: With Recent Theory and Applications (pp. 149–215). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, July 24). Turkish Lake Has Turned Blood Red. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Highway Congestion: Intelligent Transportation Systems’ Promise for Managing Congestion Falls Short, and DOT Could Better Facilitate Their Strategic Use (GAO-05-943). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domec, B. S. (2017). Development, Characterization, and Resultant Properties of a Carbon, Boron, and Chromium Ternary Diffusion System [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1993, December 5). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 1317.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Macpherson & Uhr, 2004; Savage, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macpherson & Uhr, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Deuss et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Petricevic et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
AbbreviationPsychol. Trauma
ISSN (print)1942-9681
ISSN (online)1942-969X
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Psychology

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