How to format your references using the Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kell, D. (2009). Journal club. A systems biologist ponders how disparate ideas can sometimes come together beautifully. Nature, 460(7256), 669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palumbi, S. R., & Warner, R. R. (2003). Ecology. Why gobies are like Hobbits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 51–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohani, P., Zhong, X., & King, A. A. (2010). Contact network structure explains the changing epidemiology of pertussis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 982–985.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Andreoli, E., Dillon, E. P., Cullum, L., Alemany, L. B., & Barron, A. R. (2014). Cross-linking amine-rich compounds into high performing selective CO2 absorbents. Scientific Reports, 4, 7304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowrick, D. J. (2005). Earthquake Risk Reduction. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Borre, K. (2007). A Software-Defined GPS and Galileo Receiver: A Single-Frequency Approach. (D. M. Akos, N. Bertelsen, P. Rinder, & S. H. Jensen, Eds.). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Galazka-Friedman, J., Friedman, A., & Bauminger, E. R. (2009). Iron in the brain. In E. Kuzmann & K. Lázár (Eds.), ISIAME 2008: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ISIAME 2008) held in Budapest, Hungary, 17–22 August 2008 (pp. 31–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, May 22). Seeing Is Not Believing: Our Brains Trust Its Own Generated Images More Than Real Ones. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success but Can Be Strengthened (No. T-RCED-92-45). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spanier, A. J. (2008). The Relationship of Genes and Environment with Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Children with Asthma (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrington, N. (2017, July 28). When You’re Dope And You Know It. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kell, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kell, 2009; Palumbi & Warner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palumbi & Warner, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Rohani, Zhong, & King, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Andreoli, Dillon, Cullum, Alemany, & Barron, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
AbbreviationPsychol. Trauma
ISSN (print)1942-9681
ISSN (online)1942-969X
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Psychology

Other styles