How to format your references using the Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, J., 2002. Tech.Sight. Robotic laboratory automation. Science 295, 517–518.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chakravarti, A., Kapoor, A., 2012. Genetics. Mendelian puzzles. Science 335, 930–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liotta, L.A., Ferrari, M., Petricoin, E., 2003. Clinical proteomics: written in blood. Nature 425, 905.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Soma, M., Fujihara, Y., Okabe, M., Ishino, F., Kobayashi, S., 2014. Ftx is dispensable for imprinted X-chromosome inactivation in preimplantation mouse embryos. Sci. Rep. 4, 5181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manasreh, O., 2011. Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ley, K. (Ed.), 2007. Adhesion Molecules: Function and Inhibition, Progress in Inflammation Research. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeakley, J.A., 2014. Urban Hydrology in the Pacific Northwest, in: Yeakley, J.A., Maas-Hebner, K.G., Hughes, R.M. (Eds.), Wild Salmonids in the Urbanizing Pacific Northwest. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Hubble Spots “Runaway Star” Kicked Out Of A System 540 Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Response to the Department of Education’s Request to Reconsider the High-Risk Designation of Federal Student Aid Programs (No. GAO-03-885R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obidos, C., 2015. Attitudes toward and knowledge of advance directives: A quantitative study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Flegenheimer, M., 2013. C Train Cafe? The M.T.A. May Put Up a Fight. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyd, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd, 2002; Chakravarti and Kapoor, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chakravarti and Kapoor, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Soma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry Research: Neuroimaging
AbbreviationPsychiatry Res. Neuroimaging
ISSN (print)0925-4927
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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