How to format your references using the Progress in Aerospace Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Aerospace Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Braun, Astronomy. Galaxy clusters reveal their secrets, Science. 293 (2001) 1781–1782.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.P. Mitra, J.B. Stark, Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications, Nature. 411 (2001) 1027–1030.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.A.S. Batista, R.G. Larson, N.A. Kotov, Nonadditivity of nanoparticle interactions, Science. 350 (2015) 1242477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Meiri, D. Huchon, G. Bar-Oz, E. Boaretto, L.K. Horwitz, A.M. Maeir, L. Sapir-Hen, G. Larson, S. Weiner, I. Finkelstein, Ancient DNA and population turnover in southern levantine pigs--signature of the sea peoples migration?, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3035.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Brown, G.J. Andrews, S. Cummins, B. Greenhough, D. Lewis, A. Power, Health Geographies, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Z.-H. Zhou, H. Li, Q. Yang, eds., Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 11th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2007, Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
G.P. Jesi, A. Montresor, O. Babaoglu, Proximity-Aware Superpeer Overlay Topologies, in: A. Keller, J.-P. Martin-Flatin (Eds.), Self-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Aerospace Sciences.

Blog post
E. Andrew, From Comets To Planets Near And Far, Space Probes Reveal The Universe, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Data: NASA’s Future Data Volumes Create Formidable Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.L. Harvey, From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Those Gray Boxes on Poles? Fear Not, the Company Says, New York Times. (2000) 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Aerospace Sciences
AbbreviationProg. Aerosp. Sci.
ISSN (print)0376-0421
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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