How to format your references using the Progrès en Urologie - FMC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrès en Urologie - FMC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faedi F. Exoplanets: A glimpse of Earth’s fate. Nature 2015;526:515–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park CY, Dolmetsch R. Cell signaling. The double life of a transcription factor takes it outside the nucleus. Science 2006;314:64–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollo LL, Kinouchi O, Copelli M. Single-neuron criticality optimizes analog dendritic computation. Sci Rep 2013;3:3222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li M, Pernice WHP, Xiong C, Baehr-Jones T, Hochberg M, Tang HX. Harnessing optical forces in integrated photonic circuits. Nature 2008;456:480–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolbarst AB, Capasso P, Wyant AR. Medical Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Lee KM, Matsushita Y, Rehg JM, Hu Z, editors. Computer Vision – ACCV 2012: 11th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Daejeon, Korea, November 5-9, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part IV. vol. 7727. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Sugarman J. Neo-Foucaultian Approaches to Critical Inquiry in the Psychology of Education. In: Corcoran T, editor. Psychology in Education: Critical Theory~Practice, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014, p. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrès en Urologie - FMC.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Big Friendly Giants of the Cambrian Ocean. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Title I: Education Needs to Monitor States’ Scoring of Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swinford RR. Adapted dance - connecting mind, body and soul. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mark ME. Prom Night. New York Times 2012:SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrès en Urologie - FMC
ISSN (print)1761-676X

Other styles