How to format your references using the Progrès en Urologie - FMC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrès en Urologie - FMC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csontos D. Exotic matter. Nature 2010;464:175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loring JF, Campbell C. Science and law. Intellectual property and human embryonic stem cell research. Science 2006;311:1716–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng B, Gao Y, Bartoli FJ. Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters. Sci Rep 2013;3:2840.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park JH, Scheerer P, Hofmann KP, Choe H-W, Ernst OP. Crystal structure of the ligand-free G-protein-coupled receptor opsin. Nature 2008;454:183–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weisberg HI. Willful Ignorance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Ghetta V, Gorse D, Mazière D, Pontikis V, editors. Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems: Status, Open Questions and Challenges. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Ballejos LC, Montagna JM. Stakeholders Selection for Interorganizational Systems: A Systematic Approach. In: Avison D, Elliot S, Krogstie J, Pries-Heje J, editors. The Past and Future of Information Systems: 1976–2006 and Beyond: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC-8, Information System Stream, August 21–23, 2006, Santiago, Chile, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006, p. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrès en Urologie - FMC.

Blog post
Andrew E. Baboons Don’t Play Follow The Leader – They’re Democratic Travellers. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Representational Funds: State Department Expenditures at Selected Posts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conill AL. Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schembari J. A Father, a Son and the Porsche They Went In On Together. New York Times 2016:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrès en Urologie - FMC
ISSN (print)1761-676X

Other styles