How to format your references using the Progrès en Urologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrès en Urologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hestrin S. Neuroscience. The strength of electrical synapses. Science 2011;334:315–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero CR, Pérez-Gussinyé M. Sequential faulting explains the asymmetry and extension discrepancy of conjugate margins. Nature 2010;468:294–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Banerjee A, Santos WL, Verdine GL. Structure of a DNA glycosylase searching for lesions. Science 2006;311:1153–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rao P, Hayden MS, Long M, Scott ML, West AP, Zhang D, et al. IkappaBbeta acts to inhibit and activate gene expression during the inflammatory response. Nature 2010;466:1115–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wallgren A, Wallgren B. Register-Based Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Hava D. Charismatic Leadership in Singapore: Three Extraordinary People. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Landau ID, Lozano R, M’Saad M, Karimi A. Recursive Plant Model Identification in Open Loop. In: Lozano R, M’Saad M, Karimi A, editors. Adaptive Control: Algorithms, Analysis and Applications, London: Springer; 2011, p. 153–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrès en Urologie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Kepler Returns With Host Of New Planets, Some With Potential For Life. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Architecture Needed to Guide Modernization of DOD’s Financial Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez JM. Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Audit Finds Errors in Calculating Pensions in Bankruptcies. New York Times 2011:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrès en Urologie
AbbreviationProg. Urol.
ISSN (print)1166-7087

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