How to format your references using the Progrčs en Urologie - FMC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrčs en Urologie - FMC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelly DP. Medicine. Irisin, light my fire. Science 2012;336:42–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adams WW, Baughman RH. Retrospective: Richard E. Smalley (1943-2005). Science 2005;310:1916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ziegler AD, Fox JM, Xu J. Agriculture. The rubber juggernaut. Science 2009;324:1024–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murray DC, Haile J, Dortch J, White NE, Haouchar D, Bellgard MI, et al. Scrapheap challenge: a novel bulk-bone metabarcoding method to investigate ancient DNA in faunal assemblages. Sci Rep 2013;3:3371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bush J, Harris DM, Parker RJ. Cognitive Self Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Dan G-A, Bayés de Luna A, Camm J, editors. Atrial Fibrillation Therapy. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Jana M, Kumar P, Panda G. Efficient Portfolio for Interval Sharpe Ratio Model. In: Mohapatra RN, Chowdhury DR, Giri D, editors. Mathematics and Computing: ICMC, Haldia, India, January 2015, New Delhi: Springer India; 2015, p. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrčs en Urologie - FMC.

Blog post
Hale T. The American Museum Of Natural History Cuts Financial Ties To Fossil Fuel Industry. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools Inappropriately Used Gas Utility Contract for Renovations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grayson N. Development of a preliminary scale of counterproductive experiences in supervision: Attitudes of clinical psychology doctoral students. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD. President Issues Terms of a Deal Over ‘Dreamers.’ New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrčs en Urologie - FMC
ISSN (print)1761-676X

Other styles