How to format your references using the Progrčs en Urologie - FMC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrčs en Urologie - FMC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker C. The fun of science. Science 2014;344:1314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hueso R, Sánchez-Lavega A. Methane storms on Saturn’s moon Titan. Nature 2006;442:428–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarbu T, Styranec T, Beckman EJ. Non-fluorous polymers with very high solubility in supercritical CO2 down to low pressures. Nature 2000;405:165–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paulus GG, Grasbon F, Walther H, Villoresi P, Nisoli M, Stagira S, et al. Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses. Nature 2001;414:182–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons M, Dalgleish E. Corporate Actions. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Dienstfrey AM, Boisvert RF, editors. Uncertainty Quantification in Scientific Computing: 10th IFIP WG 2.5 Working Conference, WoCoUQ 2011, Boulder, CO, USA, August 1-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 377. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Velamuri SR, Sosna M. European Entrepreneurship: From Deterministic Government Policy to Market Experimentation. In: Scholz C, Zentes J, editors. Strategic Management — New Rules for Old Europe, Wiesbaden: Gabler; 2006, p. 83–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrčs en Urologie - FMC.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Health Check: Why Men Wake Up With Erections. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young AJ. An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Stevenson A. New Scrutiny for JPMorgan in China Hiring. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrčs en Urologie - FMC
ISSN (print)1761-676X

Other styles