How to format your references using the Progrčs en Urologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrčs en Urologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Autor DH. Skills, education, and the rise of earnings inequality among the “other 99 percent.” Science 2014;344:843–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jacobsen SB, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. jacobsen@neodymium.harvard.edu. Geochemistry. How old is planet Earth? Science 2003;300:1513–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
He DZZ, Jia S, Dallos P. Mechanoelectrical transduction of adult outer hair cells studied in a gerbil hemicochlea. Nature 2004;429:766–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pfleiderer C, Böni P, Keller T, Rössler UK, Rosch A. Non-Fermi liquid metal without quantum criticality. Science 2007;316:1871–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rizzi TE, Valenciano A, Bowles M, Cowell R, Tyler R, DeNicola DB. Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Batta R, Kwon C, editors. Handbook of OR/MS Models in Hazardous Materials Transportation. vol. 193. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Arreeras S, Angskun T, Angskun J. Intercropping Planning Models for an Agricultural Expert System. In: Papasratorn B, Chutimaskul W, Porkaew K, Vanijja V, editors. Advances in Information Technology: Third International Conference, IAIT 2009, Bangkok, Thailand, December 1-5, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 30–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrčs en Urologie.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Glacial Meltwater on Martian Volcano May Have Harbored Life. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/glacial-meltwater-martian-volcano-may-have-harbored-life/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Proposed Alliance Between American Airlines and British Airways Raises Competition Concerns and Public Interest Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Short DD. Assessing effectiveness and economic efficiency in California Community College transfer advising. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Lane MM. In Forbidden Art, Beauty and Brutality. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrčs en Urologie
AbbreviationProg. Urol.
ISSN (print)1166-7087
ScopeUrology

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