How to format your references using the Progrčs en Urologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrčs en Urologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dissanayake C. Global Voices of Science. Of stones and health: medical geology in Sri Lanka. Science 2005;309:883–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sundaram JK, von Arnim R. Economics. Trade liberalization and economic development. Science 2009;323:211–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veenstra GJ, Weeks DL, Wolffe AP. Distinct roles for TBP and TBP-like factor in early embryonic gene transcription in Xenopus. Science 2000;290:2312–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu Y, Hu X, Fu Y, Yang H, Gong Q. Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range. Sci Rep 2013;3:2338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Angueira P, Romo JA. Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Blanchard P, Fröhlich J, editors. The Message of Quantum Science: Attempts Towards a Synthesis. vol. 899. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hersh RG, Caligor E, Yeomans FE. Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP) Principles in Inpatient Psychiatry. In: Caligor E, Yeomans FE, editors. Fundamentals of Transference-Focused Psychotherapy: Applications in Psychiatric and Medical Settings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 121–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrčs en Urologie.

Blog post
Fang J. Meet The Wakatobi Flowerpecker, A Newly Discovered Bird From Indonesia. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Need for a National Ocean Program and Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bono S. Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fitzsimmons EG, Buettner R. Rail Crossing Accidents Decline Nationwide, but Less So in New York Region. New York Times 2015:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrčs en Urologie
AbbreviationProg. Urol.
ISSN (print)1166-7087

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