How to format your references using the Progrčs en Urologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrčs en Urologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Derby B. Printing and prototyping of tissues and scaffolds. Science 2012;338:921–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krupalnik V, Hanna JH. Stem cells: The quest for the perfect reprogrammed cell. Nature 2014;511:160–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mora C, Danovaro R, Loreau M. Alternative hypotheses to explain why biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are concave-up in some natural ecosystems but concave-down in manipulative experiments. Sci Rep 2014;4:5427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoffman JE, Hudson EW, Lang KM, Madhavan V, Eisaki H, Uchida S, et al. A four unit cell periodic pattern of quasi-particle states surrounding vortex cores in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Science 2002;295:466–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones NF. The JCT Major Project Form. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Nürnberger A, Stober S, Larsen B, Detyniecki M, editors. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 8382. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bushey J. Trustworthy Digital Images and the Cloud: Early Findings of the Records in the Cloud Project. In: Gathegi JN, Tonta Y, Kurbanoğlu S, Al U, Taşkın Z, editors. Challenges of Information Management Beyond the Cloud: 4th International Symposium on Information Management in a Changing World, IMCW 2013, Limerick, Ireland, September 4-6, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrčs en Urologie.

Blog post
Fang J. Our Ancestors Were Consuming Alcohol 10 Million Years Ago. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Project Is Now Ready to Proceed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson KL. Patient and Family Engagement Initiative: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Analysis. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez M, Blinder A. Hurricane Harvey Crashes Into Texas Coast. New York Times 2017:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrčs en Urologie
AbbreviationProg. Urol.
ISSN (print)1166-7087

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