How to format your references using the Progrès en Urologie - FMC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progrès en Urologie - FMC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fiete GA. Physics. How do you want that insulator? Science 2011;332:546–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman I, Nussenzweig M. Retrospective. Ralph M. Steinman (1943-2011). Science 2011;334:466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Mei Y, Hicks D. Science communication. Comment on “Quantifying long-term scientific impact.” Science 2014;345:149.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Narula CK, Allard LF, Stocks GM, Moses-DeBusk M. Remarkable NO oxidation on single supported platinum atoms. Sci Rep 2014;4:7238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi L. Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Sheehan W. Galactic Encounters: Our Majestic and Evolving Star-System, From the Big Bang to Time’s End. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Breussegem T, Steyaert M. Control of Fully Integrated Capacitive Converters. In: Steyaert M, editor. CMOS Integrated Capacitive DC-DC Converters, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 111–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progrès en Urologie - FMC.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Feast Your Eyes On The World’s Biggest Plane. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Campaign Finance Reform: Experiences of Two States That Offered Full Public Funding for Political Candidates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson BN. Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. Painting Brooklyn, Without a Brush. New York Times 2016:MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgrès en Urologie - FMC
ISSN (print)1761-676X

Other styles