How to format your references using the Professional Psychology: Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hay, S. (2013). Football fever could be a dose of dengue. Nature, 503(7477), 439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Linkenhoker, B. A., & Knudsen, E. I. (2002). Incremental training increases the plasticity of the auditory space map in adult barn owls. Nature, 419(6904), 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daniel, S., Chaudhury, M. K., & Chen, J. C. (2001). Fast drop movements resulting from the phase change on a gradient surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 633–636.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fatouros, N. E., Huigens, M. E., van Loon, J. J. A., Dicke, M., & Hilker, M. (2005). Chemical communication: butterfly anti-aphrodisiac lures parasitic wasps. Nature, 433(7027), 704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Münch, V. (2009). Patente, Marken, Design von A bis Z. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
van Aartsengel, A. (2013). A Guide to Continuous Improvement Transformation: Concepts, Processes, Implementation (S. Kurtoglu, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson, D. G. (2016). Pedicle-Lengthening Osteotomy for the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. In L. Manfrè (Ed.), Spinal Canal Stenosis (pp. 75–85). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, May 31). Saturn’s Moon Enceladus May Have Been Knocked On Its Side. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Survey of the DOL Activities With Regard to Assistance Furnished to Non-Reservation Indians (No. 089737). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, A. P. (2008). An efficient algorithm for calculating fluctuation field and simulating the thermal magnetic aftereffect [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, July 12). ‘Transparency’ Of Tweets Risks Eroding Media’s Trust. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hay, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hay, 2013; Linkenhoker & Knudsen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Linkenhoker & Knudsen, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Daniel et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fatouros et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
AbbreviationProf. Psychol. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)0735-7028
ISSN (online)1939-1323
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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