How to format your references using the Production Planning & Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Production Planning & Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heemels, Marie-Thérèse. 2010. “Ageing.” Nature 464 (7288): 503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackinnon, M. J., and K. Marsh. 2010. “The Selection Landscape of Malaria Parasites.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5980): 866–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turi, László, Wen-Shyan Sheu, and Peter J. Rossky. 2005. “Characterization of Excess Electrons in Water-Cluster Anions by Quantum Simulations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5736): 914–917.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vieites, David R., Sandra Nieto-Román, Marta Barluenga, Antonio Palanca, Miguel Vences, and Axel Meyer. 2004. “Post-Mating Clutch Piracy in an Amphibian.” Nature 431 (7006): 305–308.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1994. Tools for Making Acute Risk Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kapur, Selim, and Sabit Erşahin, eds. 2014. Soil Security for Ecosystem Management: Mediterranean Soil Ecosystems 1. Vol. 8. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alanyalı, Senem Demirci. 2013. “Prognostic and Predictive Factors.” In Principles and Practice of Modern Radiotherapy Techniques in Breast Cancer, edited by Ayfer Haydaroglu and Gokhan Ozyigit, 35–47. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Production Planning & Control.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Earth Was Bombarded By Huge Meteorites Constantly Until 3 Billion Years Ago.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-96-28(4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alimo, Craig John. 2010. “From Dialogue to Action: The Development of White Racial Allies.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia, and Christopher D. Shea. 2015. “Chat With Putin Was a Hoax.” New York Times, September 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heemels 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Heemels 2010; Mackinnon and Marsh 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackinnon and Marsh 2010)
  • Three authors: (Turi, Sheu, and Rossky 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vieites et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleProduction Planning & Control
AbbreviationProd. Plan. Control
ISSN (print)0953-7287
ISSN (online)1366-5871
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Science Applications
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles