How to format your references using the Production Planning & Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Production Planning & Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bagenal, Fran. 2007. “Planetary Science. A New Spin on Saturn’s Rotation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5823): 380–381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zahn, Matthias, and Hans von Storch. 2010. “Decreased Frequency of North Atlantic Polar Lows Associated with Future Climate Warming.” Nature 467 (7313): 309–312.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daubin, Vincent, Nancy A. Moran, and Howard Ochman. 2003. “Phylogenetics and the Cohesion of Bacterial Genomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5634): 829–832.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Persson, Annelie, Einav Gross, Patrick Laurent, Karl Emanuel Busch, Hugo Bretes, and Mario de Bono. 2009. “Natural Variation in a Neural Globin Tunes Oxygen Sensing in Wild Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Nature 458 (7241): 1030–1033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, Martin. 2014. From GSM to LTE-Advanced. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Piccolo, Alessandro, ed. 2012. Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Innovative Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Catanese, Fabrizio. 2015. “Topological Methods in Algebraic Geometry.” In Colloquium De Giorgi 2013 and 2014, edited by Umberto Zannier, 37–77. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Production Planning & Control.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Early Humans Had To Become More Feminine Before They Could Dominate The Planet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. NASA Human Space Exploration: Opportunity Nears to Reassess Launch Vehicle and Ground Systems Cost and Schedule. GAO-16-612. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sadr, Ehsanee Ian. 2013. “To Whisper in the King’s Ear: Economists in Pahlavi and Islamic Iran.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2013. “Over 50, and Under No Illusions.” New York Times, January 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bagenal 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bagenal 2007; Zahn and von Storch 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zahn and von Storch 2010)
  • Three authors: (Daubin, Moran, and Ochman 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Persson et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleProduction Planning & Control
AbbreviationProd. Plan. Control
ISSN (print)0953-7287
ISSN (online)1366-5871
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Science Applications
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles