How to format your references using the Production Planning & Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Production Planning & Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stainier, Didier Y. R. 2005. “No Organ Left behind: Tales of Gut Development and Evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5717): 1902–1904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, David, and Håkan Westerblad. 2004. “Physiology. Lactic Acid--the Latest Performance-Enhancing Drug.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5687): 1112–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muchnik, Lev, Sinan Aral, and Sean J. Taylor. 2013. “Social Influence Bias: A Randomized Experiment.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6146): 647–651.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Artzy-Randrup, Yael, Sarel J. Fleishman, Nir Ben-Tal, and Lewi Stone. 2004. “Comment on ‘Network Motifs: Simple Building Blocks of Complex Networks’ and ‘Superfamilies of Evolved and Designed Networks.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5687): 1107; author reply 1107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco, Valerio. 2010. Models for Bonding in Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhang, Guoping, and Chengdao Li, eds. 2010. Genetics and Improvement of Barley Malt Quality. Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cambazard, Hadrien, Deepak Mehta, Barry O’Sullivan, and Helmut Simonis. 2013. “Constraint Programming Based Large Neighbourhood Search for Energy Minimisation in Data Centres.” In Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 10th International Conference, GECON 2013, Zaragoza, Spain, September 18-20, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Jörn Altmann, Kurt Vanmechelen, and Omer F. Rana, 44–59. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Production Planning & Control.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Genetic Tweak Could Make All Mosquitoes Harmless Males.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Use of Department of Education Title III Grant Funds by the International Institute of the Americas of World University. HRD-84-20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkinson, Brian. 2017. “You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, Linda. 2007. “Near Seattle, Tribal Casinos Lead to Even Bigger Bets.” New York Times, November 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stainier 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Stainier 2005; Allen and Westerblad 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Westerblad 2004)
  • Three authors: (Muchnik, Aral, and Taylor 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Artzy-Randrup et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleProduction Planning & Control
AbbreviationProd. Plan. Control
ISSN (print)0953-7287
ISSN (online)1366-5871
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Science Applications
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles