How to format your references using the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nikas JB (2013) Inflammation and immune system activation in aging: a mathematical approach. Sci Rep 3:3254
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wennerås C, Wold A (2000) A chair of one’s own. Nature 408:647
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kryazhimskiy S, Draghi JA, Plotkin JB (2011) Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts. Science 332:1160–1161
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Long H, Shi T, Hu H, et al (2014) Growth of hierarchal mesoporous NiO nanosheets on carbon cloth as binder-free anodes for high-performance flexible lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:7413

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cahill TH (2012) Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Chen D (2016) Growth and Characterization of Bulk Superconductor Material. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yu PL, Sadler BM, Verma G, Baras JS (2016) Fingerprinting by Design: Embedding and Authentication. In: Wang C, Gerdes RM, Guan Y, Kasera SK (eds) Digital Fingerprinting. Springer, New York, NY, pp 69–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Astronomers To Peer Into A Black Hole For First Time With new Event Horizon Telescope. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1989) Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Atchison J (2009) Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker L (2009) 2 Families, and No Room for Guilt. New York Times C33

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences
AbbreviationProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India Sect. B Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0369-8211
ISSN (online)2250-1746
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Environmental Science

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