How to format your references using the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kaim W (2005) Chemistry. Odd electron on nitrogen: a metal-stabilized aminyl radical. Science 307:216–217
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stewart JR, Stringer CB (2012) Human evolution out of Africa: the role of refugia and climate change. Science 335:1317–1321
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ji Z, Gao H, Yu H (2015) CELL DIVISION CYCLE. Kinetochore attachment sensed by competitive Mps1 and microtubule binding to Ndc80C. Science 348:1260–1264
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Nioche P, Berka V, Vipond J, et al (2004) Femtomolar sensitivity of a NO sensor from Clostridium botulinum. Science 306:1550–1553

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kurrer K-E (2016) Geschichte der Baustatik. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
1.
Wang Q, Cheng Y, Liu NC (2013) Building World-Class Universities: Different Approaches to a Shared Goal. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gosavi A, Murray S (2010) Simulation-based Methods for Studying Reliability and Preventive Maintenance of Public Infrastructure. In: Faulin J, Juan AA, Martorell S, Ramírez-Márquez J-E (eds) Simulation Methods for Reliability and Availability of Complex Systems. Springer, London, pp 107–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Beautiful Glowing Beaches Look Like Something From Another World. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/beautiful-glowing-beaches-look-something-another-world/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Pell Grant Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lazareva O (2010) Constructed wetland/filter basin system as a prospective pre-treatment option for aquifer storage and recovery and a potential remedy for elevated arsenic. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Etheredge P by G (2016) Voyeur | Christmas Trees. New York Times RE9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences
AbbreviationProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India Sect. B Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0369-8211
ISSN (online)2250-1746
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Environmental Science

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