How to format your references using the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Savage N (2011) Early detection: Spotting the first signs. Nature 471:S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pomerantz RT, O’Donnell M (2010) Direct restart of a replication fork stalled by a head-on RNA polymerase. Science 327:590–592
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Barber VA, Juday GP, Finney BP (2000) Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress. Nature 405:668–673
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bocquet N, Nury H, Baaden M, et al (2009) X-ray structure of a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel in an apparently open conformation. Nature 457:111–114

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baker WL, Marn MV, Zawada CC (2010) The Price Advantage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Vasudevan A (2014) Trustworthy Execution on Mobile Devices. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bertolissi C, Ranise S (2013) Verification of Composed Array-Based Systems with Applications to Security-Aware Workflows. In: Fontaine P, Ringeissen C, Schmidt RA (eds) Frontiers of Combining Systems: 9th International Symposium, FroCoS 2013, Nancy, France, September 18-20, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 40–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Whether Mozart Or Madonna, Music Can Help You Recover From Surgery. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Operations: Testing of NASA’s Technical and Management Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Amos AE (2010) Perceptions of the persistent: Academic experiences of first generation community college students. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2009) ‘The Way It’s Done in Japan.’ New York Times NJ15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences
AbbreviationProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India Sect. A
ISSN (print)0369-8203
ISSN (online)2250-1762
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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