How to format your references using the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Whorton M (2014) Structural biology: Calcium-activated proteins visualized. Nature 516:176–178
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fossum A, Carlsson M (2005) High-frequency acoustic waves are not sufficient to heat the solar chromosphere. Nature 435:919–921
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Meyer P, Saez L, Young MW (2006) PER-TIM interactions in living Drosophila cells: an interval timer for the circadian clock. Science 311:226–229
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Shi D-T, Wei X-L, Sheng Y, et al (2014) Substitution pattern reverses the fluorescence response of coumarin glycoligands upon coordination with silver (I). Sci Rep 4:4252

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Borgen UJ, Nakrem HA (2016) Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Chowdri NA, Parray FQ (2016) Benign Anorectal Disorders: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management, 1st ed. 2016. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fujii JI (2011) Spectrum and Entropy for Infinite Directed Graphs. In: Dehmer M (ed) Structural Analysis of Complex Networks. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 105–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) Maine’s Governor Bans Road Signs For National Monument Out Of “Spite.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bernal E (2013) Ethnographic research of emergent cultural themes from technology-based informal education in a museum. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J (2017) Where Do All the Disgraced C.E.O.s Go? New York Times BU12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A: Physical Sciences
AbbreviationProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India Sect. A
ISSN (print)0369-8203
ISSN (online)2250-1762
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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