How to format your references using the Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.A. Tammann, Allan Sandage (1926-2010), Nature. 468 (2010) 898.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Kundu, S. Pettersson, Immunology: Mammalian watchdog targets bacteria, Nature. 512 (2014) 377–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. Zhang, J.A. Dunkle, J.H.D. Cate, Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting, Science. 325 (2009) 1014–1017.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y.-M. Kim, M.M. Brinkmann, M.-E. Paquet, H.L. Ploegh, UNC93B1 delivers nucleotide-sensing toll-like receptors to endolysosomes, Nature. 452 (2008) 234–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Hollins, Basic Guide to Anatomy and Physiology for Dental Care Professionals, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK, 2012.
An edited book
A.V. Boiko, Physics of Transitional Shear Flows: Instability and Laminar–Turbulent Transition in Incompressible Near-Wall Shear Layers, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
S. García, J. Luengo, F. Herrera, Dealing with Noisy Data, in: J. Luengo, F. Herrera (Eds.), Data Preprocessing in Data Mining, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 107–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Astronomers Discover Planet That Is Hotter Than Most Stars, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Secret Service Has More Computer Capacity Than It Needs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Ritter, The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2017) MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Women's Cardiovascular Health
AbbreviationPregnancy Hypertens.
ISSN (print)2210-7789
ScopeInternal Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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