How to format your references using the Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrling P. Experiments in social responsibility. Nature 2006;439:267–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prives C, Lowe SW. Cancer: Mutant p53 and chromatin regulation. Nature 2015;525:199–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichardt BW, Unger F, Vazirani U. Classical command of quantum systems. Nature 2013;496:456–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu M, Arulandu A, Struck DK, Swanson S, Sacchettini JC, Young R. Disulfide isomerization after membrane release of its SAR domain activates P1 lysozyme. Science 2005;307:113–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright D. Using Commercial Contracts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Hemsley-Brown J. Higher Education Consumer Choice. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Melançon G, Rozenblat C. Structural Analysis of Networks. In: Rozenblat C, Melançon G, editors. Methods for Multilevel Analysis and Visualisation of Geographical Networks, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie.

Blog post
Andrew E. GIF Shows The Inside Of The Entire Human Body, From Top To Bottom. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Has An Opportunity to Enhance Safety and Improve Oversight of Initial Pilot Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell JE. Menasha Litigation: Wake-Up Call or Just A False Alarm. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Late Comeback Falls Short, And Liberty Loses to Shock. New York Times 2000:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie
ISSN (print)0758-1882
ScopeSmall Animals

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