How to format your references using the Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Netz R. Portraits of science. Proof, amazement, and the unexpected. Science 2002;298:967–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sadler PM, Tai RH. Transitions. The two high-school pillars supporting college science. Science 2007;317:457–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maiorano D, Moreau J, Méchali M. XCDT1 is required for the assembly of pre-replicative complexes in Xenopus laevis. Nature 2000;404:622–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Salzman NH, Ghosh D, Huttner KM, Paterson Y, Bevins CL. Protection against enteric salmonellosis in transgenic mice expressing a human intestinal defensin. Nature 2003;422:522–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E. Investigative Computer Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Eggins H, editor. Drivers and Barriers to Achieving Quality in Higher Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Getz J, Goresky M. Generalities on Hilbert Modular Forms and Varieties. In: Goresky M, editor. Hilbert Modular Forms with Coefficients in Intersection Homology and Quadratic Base Change, Basel: Springer; 2012, p. 57–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer Matching Act: OMB and Selected Agencies Need to Ensure Consistent Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri E. A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. New Focus on the Effects of Life Tenure. New York Times 2007:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie
ISSN (print)0758-1882
ScopeSmall Animals

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