How to format your references using the Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian AC. Astronomy. A blast from the past. Science 2008;320:1167–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
von Messling V, Cattaneo R. Virology. A henipavirus vaccine in sight. Science 2012;337:651–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu C-I, Shi S, Zhang Y-P. A case for conservation. Nature 2004;428:213–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park T, Sidorov VA, Ronning F, Zhu J-X, Tokiwa Y, Lee H, et al. Isotropic quantum scattering and unconventional superconductivity. Nature 2008;456:366–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitton G. Microbiology of Drinking Water. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Dussubieux L, Golitko M, Gratuze B, editors. Recent Advances in Laser Ablation ICP-MS for Archaeology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hughes D, Evans M, Morrow G, Keith S. The Realities of Practice. In: Evans M, Morrow G, Keith S, editors. The New Music Industries: Disruption and Discovery, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 81–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Ancient Populations Migrated Frequently, Mixing Up DNA. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson YM. Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Kerber Encounters a Pliskova Test, but Not the Usual One. New York Times 2017:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePratique médicale et chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie
ISSN (print)0758-1882
ScopeSmall Animals

Other styles