How to format your references using the Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell CT. Surface science. Catalysts under pressure. Science 2001;294:1471–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hezel DC, Russell SS. Comment on “ancient asteroids enriched in refractory inclusions.” Science 2008;322:1050; author reply 1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal E, Kinde B, Amon A. Gametogenesis eliminates age-induced cellular damage and resets life span in yeast. Science 2011;332:1554–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Squartini T, Picciolo F, Ruzzenenti F, Garlaschelli D. Reciprocity of weighted networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:2729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones RB. 20% Chance of Rain. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Lipp P, Sadeghi A-R, Koch K-M, editors. Trusted Computing - Challenges and Applications: First International Conference on Trusted Computing and Trust in Information Technologies, Trust 2008 Villach, Austria, March 11-12, 2008 Proceedings. vol. 4968. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Trucchia F, Romei J. Principles and Rules. In: Romei J, Lowman M, Andres C, Anglin S, Beckner M, Buckingham E, et al., editors. Pro PHP Refactoring, Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010, p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii.

Blog post
Fang J. Heart Disease on a Chip. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Generally Agrees With but Is Slow in Implementing Safety Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weygandt A. Extension of Elementary Functions to Zeon Algebras. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eddy M, Kishkovsky S. Bolshoi Director Is Upbeat About His Recovery. New York Times 2013:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePostępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ISSN (print)1230-2813
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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