How to format your references using the Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris H. Tumour suppression: putting on the brakes. Nature 2004;427:201.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bruick RK, McKnight SL. A conserved family of prolyl-4-hydroxylases that modify HIF. Science 2001;294:1337–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velarde E, Ezcurra E, Anderson DW. Seabird diets provide early warning of sardine fishery declines in the Gulf of California. Sci Rep 2013;3:1332.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cattin M-F, Bersier L-F, Banasek-Richter C, Baltensperger R, Gabriel J-P. Phylogenetic constraints and adaptation explain food-web structure. Nature 2004;427:835–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wesche R. Physical Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Azar AT, Vaidyanathan S, editors. Chaos Modeling and Control Systems Design. vol. 581. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Marin JR, Wärnberg J, Nova E, Gómez-Martínez SS, Díaz LE, Veses A, et al. Neuroimmunomodulation, Stress–Nutrition Interactions and Diet. In: Watson RR, Zibadi S, Preedy VR, editors. Dietary Components and Immune Function, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010, p. 75–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii.

Blog post
Andrew E. Reintroduce Lynx? Fine, But We Must Control The Apex Predator. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Equal Employment Opportunity Program Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pyzdrowski JE. Experiences of Advisors/Mentors in Developing Leadership Emergence in a Post Conflict, Marginalized Society: A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePostępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ISSN (print)1230-2813
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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