How to format your references using the Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wodtke AM. Chemistry. Chemistry in a computer: advancing the in silico dream. Science 2006;312:64–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillson L, Hoffman MT. Ecology. Rangeland ecology in a changing world. Science 2007;315:53–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailor MH, Sun X, Al-Hashimi HM. Topology links RNA secondary structure with global conformation, dynamics, and adaptation. Science 2010;327:202–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park SJ, Hong JT, Choi SJ, Kim HS, Park WK, Han ST, et al. Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials. Sci Rep 2014;4:4988.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Faticoni TG. The Mathematics of Infinity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Karimi S, editor. Atlas of Brain and Spine Oncology Imaging. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Gralnick J. We Interrupt this Program … The Cosmic Change in the “News Business.” In: Einav G, editor. Transitioned Media: A Turning Point into the Digital Realm, New York, NY: Springer; 2010, p. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mangy Marsupials: Wombats Are Catching A Deadly Disease, And We Urgently Need A Plan To Help Them. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Progress Made, but Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Improve Controls over Air Traffic Control Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Byrd WE. Relational programming in miniKanren: Techniques, applications, and implementations. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Bruce Is Again Hitting Homers, and Again Not Attracting Interest. New York Times 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePostępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ISSN (print)1230-2813
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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