How to format your references using the Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan K. Unmasking the impostor. Nature 2009;459:468–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hazeltine E, Ivry RB. Neuroscience. Can we teach the cerebellum new tricks? Science 2002;296:1979–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelechano V, Wei W, Steinmetz LM. Extensive transcriptional heterogeneity revealed by isoform profiling. Nature 2013;497:127–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park T, Sidorov VA, Ronning F, Zhu J-X, Tokiwa Y, Lee H, et al. Isotropic quantum scattering and unconventional superconductivity. Nature 2008;456:366–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMaio MS, Fox JE, Mahoney MJ. Prenatal Diagnosis: Cases & Clinical Challenges. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Chekroun MD. Stochastic Parameterizing Manifolds and Non-Markovian Reduced Equations: Stochastic Manifolds for Nonlinear SPDEs II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt K-H. University Studies at Hardenberg’s and Humboldt’s Time and the Professionalization of University Studies Today. In: Backhaus JG, editor. The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii.

Blog post
Andrew E. Massive Die-Offs of Fish, Birds, and Marine Invertebrates Becoming More Frequent. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airspace System: Emerging Technologies May Offer Alternatives to the Instrument Landing System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederick K. Wool and Water. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Characters Welcome. New York Times 2011:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePostępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ISSN (print)1230-2813
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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