How to format your references using the Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford N. Angling saxons. Nature 2006;441:931.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch C, Reid RC. Neuroscience: Observatories of the mind. Nature 2012;483:397–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fraser CM, Eisen JA, Salzberg SL. Microbial genome sequencing. Nature 2000;406:799–803.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kulkarni A, Kim B, Dugasani SR, Joshirao P, Kim JA, Vyas C, et al. A novel nanometric DNA thin film as a sensor for alpha radiation. Sci Rep 2013;3:2062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edelstein LN, Waehler CA. What Do I Say? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Gierlichs B, Guilley S, Mukhopadhyay D, editors. Security, Privacy, and Applied Cryptography Engineering: Third International Conference, SPACE 2013, Kharagpur, India, October 19-23, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 8204. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Upton D, Upton P. Different Wound Type. In: Upton P, editor. Psychology of Wounds and Wound Care in Clinical Practice, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 113–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny.

Blog post
Andrew E. Rare Albino Dolphin Spotted Off Florida’s East Coast. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Many Management Successes at WMATA, but Capital Planning Could Be Enhanced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miranda PJ. Tightly-coupled sulfur-cycling microbial mats of the White Point hydrothermal vent field, CA: An analog for deep-sea vents. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Megamerger In Aerospace Draws Doubts. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)2084-5308

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