How to format your references using the Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Baker M. Structural biology: The gatekeepers revealed. Nature 2010;465:823–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Unniraman S, Schatz DG. Strand-biased spreading of mutations during somatic hypermutation. Science 2007;317:1227–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kitajima TS, Kawashima SA, Watanabe Y. The conserved kinetochore protein shugoshin protects centromeric cohesion during meiosis. Nature 2004;427:510–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hoekstra HE, Hirschmann RJ, Bundey RA, Insel PA, Crossland JP. A single amino acid mutation contributes to adaptive beach mouse color pattern. Science 2006;313:101–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Mazzi B. Treasury Finance and Development Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Reynolds M, Holwell S, editors. Systems Approaches to Managing Change: A Practical Guide. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Liqat U, Kerrison S, Serrano A, Georgiou K, Lopez-Garcia P, Grech N, et al. Energy Consumption Analysis of Programs Based on XMOS ISA-Level Models. In: Gupta G, Peña R, editors. Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 23rd International Symposium, LOPSTR 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 18-19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 72–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Galaxies In the Early Universe Appear To Have Less Dark Matter Than Expected. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/galaxies-in-the-early-universe-appear-to-have-less-dark-matter-than-expected/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Financial Literacy: Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Federal Government’s Role. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Robles B. Academic achievement among foster care children with a disability: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Ruiz RR. Sharapova Suspension Is Cut by Nine Months. New York Times 2016:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)2084-5308
Scope

Other styles