How to format your references using the Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. University cuts show science is far from saved. Nature 2011;469:133.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Smetacek V, Cloern JE. Oceans. On phytoplankton trends. Science 2008;319:1346–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wild G, Gardner A, West SA. Adaptation and the evolution of parasite virulence in a connected world. Nature 2009;459:983–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lau NC, Seto AG, Kim J, Kuramochi-Miyagawa S, Nakano T, Bartel DP, et al. Characterization of the piRNA complex from rat testes. Science 2006;313:363–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Braha A, Groza G. Moderne Abwassertechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Matthew N. Beginning Databases with PostgreSQL: From Novice to Professional. Second Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kalnins EG, Kress JM, Miller W. Fine Structure for Second Order Superintegrable Systems. In: Eastwood M, Miller W, editors. Symmetries and Overdetermined Systems of Partial Differential Equations, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 77–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. What 5 Popular Drugs Including Weed And Booze Do To Your Body And Brain. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/what-5-popular-drugs-including-weed-and-booze-do-to-your-body-and-brain/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Energy and Science Reports and Testimony: 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hayes UT. Mental health services for foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. ‘Sisters in Law.’ New York Times 2015:BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)2084-5308
Scope

Other styles