How to format your references using the Polski Przegl?d Otorynolaryngologiczny citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polski Przegl?d Otorynolaryngologiczny. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crepp JR. Astronomy. Improving planet-finding spectrometers. Science 2014;346:809–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton R, Abbott A. Hawaii reaches for the stars with astronomy master plan. Nature 2000;405:872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Domínguez-García V, Pigolotti S, Muñoz MA. Inherent directionality explains the lack of feedback loops in empirical networks. Sci Rep 2014;4:7497.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tria F, Loreto V, Servedio VDP, Strogatz SH. The dynamics of correlated novelties. Sci Rep 2014;4:5890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell LCR, Hodgetts CTJ, Mahoney CPF, Castle N. Disaster Rules. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Whitacre DM, editor. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 221. vol. 221. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Noureldin A, Karamat TB, Georgy J. Inertial Navigation System Modeling. In: Karamat TB, Georgy J, editors. Fundamentals of Inertial Navigation, Satellite-based Positioning and their Integration, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 167–200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polski Przegl?d Otorynolaryngologiczny.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stanford Scientists Develop A Way To Wirelessly Transfer Power To Deep Tissue Implants. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transit: Length of Development Process, Cost Estimates, and Ridership Forecasts for Capital-Investment Grant Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volle M. Exploring the relationship of meetings to organizational culture and values. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alderman L. Europe Surveys the Gig Economy And Wants Worker Safeguards. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolski Przegl?d Otorynolaryngologiczny
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)2084-5308

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