How to format your references using the Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Scharfman HE. Neuroscience. Metabolic control of epilepsy. Science 2015;347:1312–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schmidt M, Lipson H. Distilling free-form natural laws from experimental data. Science 2009;324:81–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Prokopenko AA, Karabanov EB, Williams DF. Age of long sediment cores from Lake Baikal. Nature 2002;415:976.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Koh K, Joiner WJ, Wu MN, Yue Z, Smith CJ, Sehgal A. Identification of SLEEPLESS, a sleep-promoting factor. Science 2008;321:372–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pande A, Wolshon B. Traffic Engineering Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Bol G, Rachev ST, Würth R, editors. Risk Assessment: Decisions in Banking and Finance. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Quiceno HR, Loaiza GI, Arango JC. A Riemannian Geometry in the $q q -Exponential Banach Manifold Induced by q$ q -Divergences. In: Nielsen F, editor. Geometric Theory of Information, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 97–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Tiny Komodo Dragon Ancestor Lived In Europe 800,000 Years Ago. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tiny-komodo-dragon-ancestor-lived-europe-800000-years-ago/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Agreement Needed on DOD Guidelines for Exempting Certain ADP Equipment and Service Procurements From the Brooks Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Haigh CV. More Than Skin Deep: The Impact of Self-Esteem, Desire for Lighter Skin, and Gender on the Mental Health of University Students in Thailand. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. Pelé Remains the Last Word in a Changed World. New York Times 2010:SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolski Przegląd Otorynolaryngologiczny
AbbreviationOtolaryngol. Pol.
ISSN (print)2084-5308
Scope

Other styles