How to format your references using the Plant Signaling & Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Signaling & Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weyer S. Geochemistry. What drives iron isotope fractionation in magma? Science 2008; 320:1600–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilberg MJ, Miller TJ. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science 2007; 316:1285; author reply 1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pahwa S, Scoglio C, Scala A. Abruptness of cascade failures in power grids. Sci Rep 2014; 4:3694.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cande SC, Stock JM, Muller RD, Ishihara T. Cenozoic motion between East and West Antarctica. Nature 2000; 404:145–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett MR, Hacker PMS. History of Cognitive Neuroscience. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Sacco GM, Tzitzikas Y, editors. Dynamic Taxonomies and Faceted Search: Theory, Practice, and Experience. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Resmerita S, Derler P, Pree W, Naderlinger A. 5 Modeling and Simulation of TDL Applications. In: Giese H, Karsai G, Lee E, Rumpe B, Schätz B, editors. Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Real-Time Systems: International Dagstuhl Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 4-9, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. page 107–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Signaling & Behavior.

Blog post
Davis J. Pre-Columbian Mexicans Were Probably Farming Rabbits And Hares [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: FTA’s Projections Could Better Reflect State and Local Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibb A. Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby S. The Golden Rule. New York Times2014; :BR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Signaling & Behavior
AbbreviationPlant Signal. Behav.
ISSN (print)1559-2316
ISSN (online)1559-2324
ScopePlant Science

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