How to format your references using the Plant & Cell Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant & Cell Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairchild, A.L. (2006) Public health. Diabetes and disease surveillance. Science. 313: 175–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyerly, A.D., and Faden, R.R. (2007) Embryonic stem cells. Willingness to donate frozen embryos for stem cell research. Science. 317: 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurtovic, A., Widmer, A., and Dickson, B.J. (2007) A single class of olfactory neurons mediates behavioural responses to a Drosophila sex pheromone. Nature. 446: 542–546.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oldfield, T.E.E., Smith, R.J., Harrop, S.R., and Leader-Williams, N. (2003) Field sports and conservation in the United Kingdom. Nature. 423: 531–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khatib, T., and Elmenreich, W. (2016) Modeling of Photovoltaic Systems Using MATLAB ®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Marsico, G. (Ed.) (2015) Jerome S. Bruner beyond 100: Cultivating Possibilities, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Cultural Psychology of Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Koteska, B., Mishev, A., and Pejov, L. (2015) Magnetic Response Properties of Aqueous Aluminum(III) Ion: A Hybrid Statistical Physics Quantum Mechanical Approach Implementing the Map-Reduce Computational Technique. In ICT Innovations 2014: World of Data, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Edited by Bogdanova, A.M. and Gjorgjevikj, D. pp. 33–43 Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant & Cell Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016) Scientists Design Potential Universal Flu Vaccine [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Use of Construction Authority by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( No. B-165118). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian, N.M. (2012) The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., and Thomas, L., Jr (2017) Blackstone Group Joins Forces With Saudis on U.S. Infrastructure Investments. New York Times. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fairchild, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fairchild, 2006; Lyerly and Faden, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyerly and Faden, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Oldfield et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant & Cell Physiology
AbbreviationPlant Cell Physiol.
ISSN (print)0032-0781
ISSN (online)1471-9053
ScopePlant Science
Cell Biology
General Medicine

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