How to format your references using the Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Myers, Forensics offers career opportunities for the Sherlock Holmes of the future--and the work is far from elementary, Nature. 421 (2003) 872–873.
A journal article with 2 authors
U. Lohmann, G. Lesins, Stronger constraints on the anthropogenic indirect aerosol effect, Science. 298 (2002) 1012–1015.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.L. Yoder, R. Bisson, R.D. Beck, Steric effects in the chemisorption of vibrationally excited methane on Ni(100), Science. 329 (2010) 553–556.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Nojima, C. Schal, F.X. Webster, R.G. Santangelo, W.L. Roelofs, Identification of the sex pheromone of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica, Science. 307 (2005) 1104–1106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Negre, Information and Recommender Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
D. Li, B. Wang, eds., Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: IFIP TC12 WG12.5 - Second IFIP Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI2005), September 7–9, 2005, Beijing, China, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
N.F. Ellerton, M.A. Clements, With a Tinge of Green: Mary Walters’ Cyphering Book, 1820, in: M.A. (ken) Clements (Ed.), Abraham Lincoln’s Cyphering Book and Ten Other Extraordinary Cyphering Books, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 97–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena.

Blog post
R. Andrews, EPA Staff Try To Derail Confirmation Of Climate Denier Scott Pruitt, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Impact of Illegal Aliens on Public Assistance Programs: Too Little Is Known, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Bryan, Facilitators or impediments to college readiness, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, A Collision at the Plate Shakes Up Flores and Leaves the Mets Reeling, New York Times. (2016) SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
AbbreviationPhysica D
ISSN (print)0167-2789
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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