How to format your references using the Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.F. Schaefer, Geochemistry. When do rocks become oil?, Science. 308 (2005) 1267–1268.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Cowan, J.N. Rouder, Comment on “Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision,” Science. 323 (2009) 877; author reply 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Nozaki, Y. Kato, K. Suzuki, Late Jurassic ocean anoxic event: evidence from voluminous sulphide deposition and preservation in the Panthalassa, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1889.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Teixeira, A. Tahiri-Alaoui, S. West, B. Thomas, A. Ramadass, I. Martianov, M. Dye, W. James, N.J. Proudfoot, A. Akoulitchev, Autocatalytic RNA cleavage in the human beta-globin pre-mRNA promotes transcription termination, Nature. 432 (2004) 526–530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.J. Stokes, Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure/Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
I. Skalna, Advances in Fuzzy Decision Making: Theory and Practice, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Shultz, Engaged Scholarship in a Time of the Corporatization of the University and Distrust of the Public Sphere, in: L. Shultz, T. Kajner (Eds.), Engaged Scholarship: The Politics of Engagement and Disengagement, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2013: pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena.

Blog post
T. Hale, Meet The Most Complete Juvenile T. Rex Ever Discovered, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Actions Needed to Address Weaknesses in Information Security and Privacy Controls, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.M. Addington, Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Alicia Keys Is the Talk Of Her Old Neighborhood, New York Times. (2002) 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
AbbreviationPhysica D
ISSN (print)0167-2789
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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