How to format your references using the Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.D. Del Genio, Atmospheric science. The dust settles on water vapor feedback, Science. 296 (2002) 665–666.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Lu, D. Fu, Structure of the zinc transporter YiiP, Science. 317 (2007) 1746–1748.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.V. Vega, G. Avila, G. Matthews, Interaction between the transcriptional corepressor Sin3B and voltage-gated sodium channels modulates functional channel expression, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2809.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Kuse, K. Ogawa, K. Tsuruma, M. Shimazawa, H. Hara, Damage of photoreceptor-derived cells in culture induced by light emitting diode-derived blue light, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.A. Rosier, M.A. Martens, J.R. Thomas, Global New Drug Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
G. Luque, Parallel Genetic Algorithms: Theory and Real World Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Chirichello, The Principal as Educational Leader: What Makes the Difference, in: S. Huber (Ed.), School Leadership - International Perspectives, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 79–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena.

Blog post
J. Fang, Were Beethoven’s Masterpieces Influenced by a Cardiac Arrhythmia?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Air Taxis--The Most Accident-Prone Airlines--Need Better Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W.E. Carroll, Leadership and emotional intelligence: Ability-based and mixed models of emotional intelligence as predictors of leadership performance across manager levels, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Rail Link To Georgian Region Is Shut, New York Times. (2004) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
AbbreviationPhysica D
ISSN (print)0167-2789
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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