How to format your references using the Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Sylvestre, Perspective: recognizing resistance, Nature. 474 (2011) S11.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.D. Suit, H. Willers, Comment on “Tumor response to radiotherapy regulated by endothelial cell apoptosis” (I), Science. 302 (2003) 1894; author reply 1894.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.A. Rupar, V.N. Staroverov, K.M. Baines, A cryptand-encapsulated germanium(II) dication, Science. 322 (2008) 1360–1363.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Reddy, S.-Y. Jang, R.A. Segalman, A. Majumdar, Thermoelectricity in molecular junctions, Science. 315 (2007) 1568–1571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Stidwill, R. Fletcher, Normal Binocular Vision, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A.A. Pinto, E. Accinelli Gamba, A.N. Yannacopoulos, C. Hervés-Beloso, eds., Trends in Mathematical Economics: Dialogues Between Southern Europe and Latin America, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Girolomoni, P. Gisondi, S. Pastore, Dermatite atopica: eziopatogenesi, in: C. Gelmetti (Ed.), La Scuola Dell’atopia, Springer, Milano, 2007: pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Supercomputer Network Employed To Shed Light On The Dark Universe, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Liu, Methods for generating addressable focus cues in stereoscopic displays, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. Macfarlane, Wordsworth, New York Times. (1906) RECIEW OF BOOKSBR166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
AbbreviationPhysica C Supercond.
ISSN (print)0921-4534
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles