How to format your references using the Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Schilling, HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS: X-ray Satellites Seek Clues to Bursts, Science. 290 (2000) 927.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Bergman, J. Swenson, Dynamics of supercooled water in confined geometry, Nature. 403 (2000) 283–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Su, W. Huang, X. Gu, Comment on “Positive selection of tyrosine loss in metazoan evolution,” Science. 332 (2011) 917; author reply 917.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Li, L. Liu, L. Zhang, N. Liu, Role of G-protein-coupled receptor-related genes in insecticide resistance of the mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O.G. Kulinkovich, Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
W. Zhang, ed., Advanced Technology in Teaching: Selected papers from the 2012 International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (ICTCS 2012), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Chini, ICT policy as a governance domain: The case of Greece and the European Commission, in: C. Avgerou, M.L. Smith, P. van der Besselaar (Eds.), Social Dimensions Of Information And Communication Technology Policy: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC8), IFIP TC 9, Pretoria, South Africa, September 25-26, 2008, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008: pp. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications.

Blog post
J. Fang, Why Do Birds Crash Into Planes?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Station: Inadequate Planning and Design Led to Propulsion Module Project Failure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Moua, Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Frenkel, M. Scott, P. Mozur, Mystery of Motive for a Ransomware Attack: Money, Mayhem or a Message?, New York Times. (2017) A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
AbbreviationPhysica C Supercond.
ISSN (print)0921-4534
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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