How to format your references using the Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
F.R. Appelbaum, Retrospective. E. Donnall Thomas (1920-2012), Science. 338 (2012) 1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
K. Keegstra, J. Walton, Plant science. Beta-glucans--brewer’s bane, dietician’s delight, Science. 311 (2006) 1872–1873.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
J.J. Walker, J.R. Spear, N.R. Pace, Geobiology of a microbial endolithic community in the Yellowstone geothermal environment, Nature. 434 (2005) 1011–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
W.-K. Yu, X.-F. Liu, X.-R. Yao, C. Wang, Y. Zhai, G.-J. Zhai, Complementary compressive imaging for the telescopic system, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
T.F. DeRosa, Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
[1]
P. Beaufils, R. Verdonk, eds., The Meniscus, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
B. Barden, J. DiVenere, H. Singh, A.D. Mazzocca, Postoperative Shoulder Stiffness After Rotator Cuff Repair, in: E. Itoi, G. Arce, G.I. Bain, R.L. Diercks, D. Guttmann, A.B. Imhoff, A.D. Mazzocca, H. Sugaya, Y.-S. Yoo (Eds.), Shoulder Stiffness: Current Concepts and Concerns, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 49–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, New Bandage Sucks Bacteria Out Of A Wound, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/bandage-sucks-bacteria-and-rips-them/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Government Financial Vulnerability: 14 Areas Needing Special Review, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
R. Dandavate, Building Cultural Understanding Through Cultural Exchange, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Schwartz, 400, New York Times. (2016) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica B: Physics of Condensed Matter
AbbreviationPhysica B Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0921-4526
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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