How to format your references using the Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anders, A. M. (2014). Earth science: rain on the parade. Nature, 511(7510), 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Westhof, E., & Massire, C. (2004). Structural biology. Evolution of RNA architecture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5693), 62–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karner, M. B., DeLong, E. F., & Karl, D. M. (2001). Archaeal dominance in the mesopelagic zone of the Pacific Ocean. Nature, 409(6819), 507–510.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, Y., Liu, H., Luo, W., Liu, E., Zhao, N., Yoshino, K., & Feng, W. (2013). Covalent functionalization of graphene by azobenzene with molecular hydrogen bonds for long-term solar thermal storage. Scientific Reports, 3, 3260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P. (2013). Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pitman, J. (2006). Combinatorial Stochastic Processes: Ecole d’Eté de Probabilités de Saint-Flour XXXII – 2002 (J. Picard, Ed.; Vol. 1875). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hunsucker, S. A., Mitchell, B. S., & Spychala, J. (2007). Nucleotidases and Nucleoside Analog Cytotoxicity. In G. J. Peters (Ed.), Deoxynucleoside Analogs In Cancer Therapy (pp. 81–108). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). Herpes Virus Could Treat Skin Cancer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airport Financing: Funding Sources for Airport Development (RCED-98-71). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hammamy, R. (2010). “Promoting responsible action in medical emergencies”: Determining the impact of a new University of Maryland alcohol protocol [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2014, January 7). Jerry Coleman, 89, Yankee Infielder, Fighter Pilot and Voice of the Padres. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anders, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anders, 2014; Westhof & Massire, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Westhof & Massire, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Karner et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePerson-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies
ISSN (print)1477-9757
ISSN (online)1752-9182
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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