How to format your references using the Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alley, R. B. (2007). Geochemistry. “C”ing Arctic climate with black ice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, B. W., & Clark, N. A. (2001). Alignment of liquid crystals with patterned isotropic surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5513), 2576–2580.
A journal article with 3 authors
Segawa, Y., Yamashita, M., & Nozaki, K. (2006). Boryllithium: isolation, characterization, and reactivity as a boryl anion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5796), 113–115.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, C., Xiao, S., Li, Y., Zhong, H., Li, X., & Peng, F. (2014). Methane formation and consumption processes in Xiangxi Bay of the Three Gorges Reservoir. Scientific Reports, 4, 4449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (1998). Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marinca, V. (2011). Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Engineering: Some Approximate Approaches (N. Herisanu, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Doumit, S., & Minai, A. (2012). Exploration for Agents with Different Personalities in Unknown Environments. In A. A. Minai, D. Braha, & Y. Bar-Yam (Eds.), Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems (pp. 44–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 13). Svalbard “Doomsday” Seed Vault To Get Revamp After Permafrost Melt Leak. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Federal Communications Commission: Extending Wireless Telecommunications Services to Tribal Lands (OGC-00-55). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villanueva, R. (2015). Issues of performance practice: The influence of Franz Strauss upon Richard Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 1 [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2010, September 19). Achieving Techno-Literacy. New York Times, MM21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alley, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Alley, 2007; Lee & Clark, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Clark, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Segawa et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePerson-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies
ISSN (print)1477-9757
ISSN (online)1752-9182
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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