How to format your references using the Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mutter, J. (2010). Disasters widen the rich-poor gap. Nature, 466(7310), 1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osborne, I., & Coontz, R. (2008). Quantum wonderland. Introduction to special issue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, D. W.-L., Bischof, W. F., & Kingstone, A. (2013). Looking while eating: the importance of social context to social attention. Scientific Reports, 3, 2356.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hansen, T. W., Wagner, J. B., Hansen, P. L., Dahl, S., Topsøe, H., & Jacobsen, C. J. (2001). Atomic-resolution in situ transmission electron microscopy of a promoter of a heterogeneous catalyst. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5546), 1508–1510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Damrosch, D. (2017). How to Read World Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jiang, T., Navab, N., Pluim, J. P. W., & Viergever, M. A. (Eds.). (2010). Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 6362). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aro, M. (2015). In Action and Inaction: English Learners Authoring Their Agency. In A. M. F. Barcelos, M. Aro, & M. Ruohotie-Lyhty (Eds.), Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching (pp. 48–65). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 2). Insect Diet May Have Led To Bigger Human Brains. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Student Loan Marketing Association’s Loan Consolidation Program (No. 121459). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere, E. C. (2017). Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 29). Teachable Moments About Corruption. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mutter, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mutter, 2010; Osborne & Coontz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Osborne & Coontz, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Wu, Bischof, & Kingstone, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hansen et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePerson-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies
ISSN (print)1477-9757
ISSN (online)1752-9182
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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