How to format your references using the Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rashed R. Portraits of science. A polymath in the 10th century. Science 2002;297:773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Utz M, Landers J. Chemistry. Magnetic resonance and microfluidics. Science 2010;330:1056–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeng M-S, Ng NK, Ng PKL. Feeding behaviour: hydrothermal vent crabs feast on sea “snow.” Nature 2004;432:969.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mukherjee S, Keitany G, Li Y, Wang Y, Ball HL, Goldsmith EJ, et al. Yersinia YopJ acetylates and inhibits kinase activation by blocking phosphorylation. Science 2006;312:1211–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbosa P, Berry DL, Kary CS. Insect Histology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Fatta-Kassinos D, Bester K, Kümmerer K, editors. Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle: Mass Flows, Environmental Processes, Mitigation and Treatment Strategies. vol. 16. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Iyer KM. Osteoarthritis. In: Iyer KM, editor. General Principles of Orthopedics and Trauma, London: Springer; 2013, p. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Unravel The Mysteries Of The Basque People. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neal L. What’s in Your Toolbox?: Examining Tool Choices at Two Middle and Late Woodland-Period Sites on Florida’s Central Gulf Coast. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wakabayashi D, Corkery M. Walmart And Google Partner, Eyes On Amazon. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePerfectionnement en Pédiatrie
ISSN (print)2588-932X

Other styles