How to format your references using the Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wineland D. Norman Ramsey (1915-2011). Nature 2011;480:182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrington JC, Ambros V. Role of microRNAs in plant and animal development. Science 2003;301:336–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu B, Wang Q, Tian Y. Bulk modulus for polar covalent crystals. Sci Rep 2013;3:3068.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chang X, Xu T, Li Y, Wang K. Dynamic modular architecture of protein-protein interaction networks beyond the dichotomy of “date” and “party” hubs. Sci Rep 2013;3:1691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Santamarina JC, Fratta D. Discrete Signals and Inverse Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Torre Toledano D, Ortega Giménez A, Teixeira A, González Rodríguez J, Hernández Gómez L, San Segundo Hernández R, et al., editors. Advances in Speech and Language Technologies for Iberian Languages: IberSPEECH 2012 Conference, Madrid, Spain, November 21-23, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 328. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Watson RNM. Towards a Theory of Application Compartmentalisation (Transcript of Discussion). In: Christianson B, Malcolm J, Stajano F, Anderson J, Bonneau J, editors. Security Protocols XXI: 21st International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 19-20, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 28–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Have Discovered A Pulsating White Dwarf. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. HUD Urban Studies Fellowship Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers RE. Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B. Police Mourn Slain Officer, as Do the Bronx Residents She Served. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePerfectionnement en Pédiatrie
ISSN (print)2588-932X

Other styles