How to format your references using the Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aarestrup F. Sustainable farming: Get pigs off antibiotics. Nature 2012;486:465–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shenoy SK, Rockman HA. Cardiovascular biology: heart fails without pump partner. Nature 2011;477:546–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guler U, Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM. Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science 2014;344:263–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Benazzi S, Douka K, Fornai C, Bauer CC, Kullmer O, Svoboda J, et al. Early dispersal of modern humans in Europe and implications for Neanderthal behaviour. Nature 2011;479:525–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson RL. Trading on Sentiment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Luk¿ A. Quantum Aspects of Light Propagation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramos T, Pires SM. Sustainability Assessment: The Role of Indicators. In: Caeiro S, Filho WL, Jabbour C, Azeiteiro UM, editors. Sustainability Assessment Tools in Higher Education Institutions: Mapping Trends and Good Practices Around the World, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013, p. 81–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perfectionnement en Pédiatrie.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Enraging Reason That Your Dog Can Get Vaccinated Against Lyme Disease, But You Can’t. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Reserve Officer Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke K. Big Five personality traits and astrology: The relationship between the Moon variable and the NEO PI-R. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L. Christina Matthews, Benjamin Macfarland III. New York Times 2009:ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePerfectionnement en Pédiatrie
ISSN (print)2588-932X

Other styles