How to format your references using the Pediatric Blood & Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Blood & Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macilwain C. Challengers in the field. Nature , 2006 441: 149.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sherkow JS, Greely HT. Genomics. What if extinction is not forever? Science , 2013 340: 32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kwak K, Cho K, Kim S. Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Sci Rep , 2013 3: 2787.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
1. Kao H, Shan S-J, Dragert H, Rogers G, Cassidy JF, Ramachandran K. A wide depth distribution of seismic tremors along the northern Cascadia margin. Nature , 2005 436: 841–844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Coutts J. Loft Conversions. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2013
An edited book
1. Reussner R, Mayer J, Stafford JA, Overhage S, Becker S, Schroeder PJ (eds). Quality of Software Architectures and Software Quality: First International Conference on the Quality of Software Architectures, QoSA 2005, and Second International Workshop on Software Quality, SOQUA 2005, Erfurt, Germany, September 20-22, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2005
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lee DS, Lee KC, Jo NY. A Creative Generation Task Under Stress: Comparison of a Stress Group with a Non-stress Group, in Lee KC (ed): Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations. New York, NY, Springer, 2013, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Blood & Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Our Oceans Have Saved The World From Warming An Insane 36°C In The Past Century [Internet]. IFLScience , 2016. [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Checked Baggage Screening: TSA Has Deployed Optimal Systems at the Majority of TSA-Regulated Airports, but Could Strengthen Cost Estimates. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2012

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Martinez C. An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. Rangers Regain Their Footing at the Garden and March Back Into the Series. New York Times , 2017 B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Blood & Cancer
AbbreviationPediatr. Blood Cancer
ISSN (print)1545-5009
ISSN (online)1545-5017
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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