How to format your references using the Pediatric Blood & Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Blood & Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McDonnell JJ. Creating a research brand. Science , 2015 349: 758.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zhao M, Running SW. Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from 2000 through 2009. Science , 2010 329: 940–943.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Khan P, Jain H, Adarsh KV. Role of Ge:As ratio in controlling the light-induced response of a-Ge(x)As(35-x)Se65 thin films. Sci Rep , 2014 4: 4029.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
1. Kanadia RN, Johnstone KA, Mankodi A, Lungu C, Thornton CA, Esson D, Timmers AM, Hauswirth WW, Swanson MS. A muscleblind knockout model for myotonic dystrophy. Science , 2003 302: 1978–1980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Phillips JJ, Trotter WD, Phillips PP. Maximizing the Value of Consulting. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015
An edited book
1. Nagendra H, Southworth J (eds). Reforesting Landscapes: Linking Pattern and Process. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2010
A chapter in an edited book
1. Roussak OV, Gesser HD. Liquid Fuels, in Gesser HD (ed): Applied Chemistry: A Textbook for Engineers and Technologists. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2013, pp 57–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Blood & Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Physicists Achieve Quantum Teleportation of Photon Over 25 Kilometers [Internet]. IFLScience , 2014. [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: A Review of Emergency Response Information in Selected Train Documents. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Filomena TP. Technology portfolio and capacity expansion under uncertainty, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lee L. Embracing Miami’s Past And Future. New York Times , 2013 D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Blood & Cancer
AbbreviationPediatr. Blood Cancer
ISSN (print)1545-5009
ISSN (online)1545-5017
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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