How to format your references using the Pediatric Blood & Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Blood & Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kinlen L. Obituary: Richard Doll (1912-2005). Nature , 2005 438: 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cosson S, Lutolf MP. Hydrogel microfluidics for the patterning of pluripotent stem cells. Sci Rep , 2014 4: 4462.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jeffrey JL, Terrett JA, MacMillan DWC. O-H hydrogen bonding promotes H-atom transfer from α C-H bonds for C-alkylation of alcohols. Science , 2015 349: 1532–1536.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
1. Kroodsma DA, Mayorga J, Hochberg T, Miller NA, Boerder K, Ferretti F, Wilson A, Bergman B, White TD, Block BA, Woods P, Sullivan B, Costello C, Worm B. Response to Comment on “Tracking the global footprint of fisheries.” Science , 2018 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Abulencia JP, Theodore L. Open-Ended Problems. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015
An edited book
1. Merker GP. Simulating Combustion: Simulation of combustion and pollutant formation for engine-development. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006
A chapter in an edited book
1. Olivas F, Valdez F, Castillo O. A Comparative Study of Membership Functions for an Interval Type-2 Fuzzy System used to Dynamic Parameter Adaptation in Particle Swarm Optimization, in Castillo O, Melin P, Pedrycz W, Kacprzyk J (eds): Recent Advances on Hybrid Approaches for Designing Intelligent Systems. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp 67–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Blood & Cancer.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Yep, That Viral Video Of A Shark Attacking A Porn Star Was Bullshit [Internet]. IFLScience , 2017. [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on Legality of NASA Contracts. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tovar B. A drug and alcohol education and prevention program for Hispanic families: A grant proposal, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Keeping the Dream Kickin’. New York Times , 2017 C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Blood & Cancer
AbbreviationPediatr. Blood Cancer
ISSN (print)1545-5009
ISSN (online)1545-5017
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles