How to format your references using the Pedagogy, Culture & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedagogy, Culture & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batt, Carl A. 2007. “Materials Science. Food Pathogen Detection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5831): 1579–1580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duncan, Ravit Golan, and Ann E. Rivet. 2013. “Science Education. Science Learning Progressions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6118): 396–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marcus, Gary, Adam Marblestone, and Thomas Dean. 2014. “Neuroscience. The Atoms of Neural Computation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6209): 551–552.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Turnell, Andrew S., Grant S. Stewart, Roger J. A. Grand, Susan M. Rookes, Ashley Martin, Hiroyuki Yamano, Stephen J. Elledge, and Phillip H. Gallimore. 2005. “The APC/C and CBP/P300 Cooperate to Regulate Transcription and Cell-Cycle Progression.” Nature 438 (7068): 690–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarisky, Darren. 2012. Scriptural Interpretation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Balali-Mood, Mahdi, and Mohammad Abdollahi, eds. 2015. Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Banerjee, Raktim, and Sukomal Pal. 2013. “ISM@FIRE-2011 Bengali Monolingual Task: A Frequency-Based Stemmer.” In Multilingual Information Access in South Asian Languages: Second International Workshop, FIRE 2010, Gandhinagar, India, February 19-21, 2010 and Third International Workshop, FIRE 2011, Bombay, India, December 2-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Prasenjit Majumder, Mandar Mitra, Pushpak Bhattacharyya, L. Venkata Subramaniam, Danish Contractor, and Paolo Rosso, 51–58. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedagogy, Culture & Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “How Dangerous Is Turbulence … And Can It Bring Down A Plane?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Scientific Research: Continued Vigilance Critical to Protecting Human Subjects. T-HEHS-96-102. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Samel, Chrysna. 2014. “Imagination and Negotiation: Motivations for Cambodian Women to Marry Cambodian American Men.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2016. “Author of Mets’ Run Acts as Open Book.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batt 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Batt 2007; Duncan and Rivet 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duncan and Rivet 2013)
  • Three authors: (Marcus, Marblestone, and Dean 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Turnell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedagogy, Culture & Society
AbbreviationPedagog. Cult. Soc.
ISSN (print)1468-1366
ISSN (online)1747-5104
Cultural Studies

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