How to format your references using the Pedagogies: An International Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedagogies: An International Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schroers, J. (2014). Condensed-matter physics: Glasses made from pure metals. Nature, 512(7513), 142–143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knaden, M., & Hansson, B. S. (2013). Neuroscience. Specialized but flexible. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6116), 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholl, J. A., Koh, A. L., & Dionne, J. A. (2012). Quantum plasmon resonances of individual metallic nanoparticles. Nature, 483(7390), 421–427.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, C. K., Séguin, F. H., Frenje, J. A., Rosenberg, M., Petrasso, R. D., Amendt, P. A., … Nikroo, A. (2010). Charged-particle probing of x-ray-driven inertial-fusion implosions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5970), 1231–1235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimon, R. (2013). Enterprise Performance Management Done Right. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Frappier, M., Glässer, U., Khurshid, S., Laleau, R., & Reeves, S. (Eds.). (2010). Abstract State Machines, Alloy, B and Z: Second International Conference, ABZ 2010, Orford, QC, Canada, February 22-25, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 5977). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenfeld, B., & Pivovarova, E. (2014). Test psicologici nella valutazione del rischio di violenza. In K. Tardiff (Ed.), Valutazione e gestione della violenza: Manuale per operatori della salute mentale (pp. 51–65). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedagogies: An International Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 6). NASA Mission Brings Pluto Into Sharp Focus – but it’s Still Not a Planet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Information Technology: Implementation of Reform Legislation Needed to Improve Acquisitions and Operations (No. GAO-16-204T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotnick, A. (2012). Status symbols in triathlete culture (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, June 18). Cold and Tired, Australian Swimmer Wins Marathon for His Father. New York Times, p. 87.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ley, 2005; Sandidge, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knaden & Hansson, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Scholl, Koh, & Dionne, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedagogies: An International Journal
ISSN (print)1554-480X
ISSN (online)1554-4818

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