How to format your references using the Pedagogická orientace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedagogická orientace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skinner, L. (2012). Climate change. A long view on climate sensitivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6097), 917–919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern, S. A., & Weissman, P. R. (2001). Rapid collisional evolution of comets during the formation of the Oort cloud. Nature, 409(6820), 589–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., Tyson, G. W., & DeLong, E. F. (2009). Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column. Nature, 459(7244), 266–269.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nowack, M. K., Shirzadi, R., Dissmeyer, N., Dolf, A., Endl, E., Grini, P. E., & Schnittger, A. (2007). Bypassing genomic imprinting allows seed development. Nature, 447(7142), 312–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D. J. (2006). Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Avanzas, P., & Clemmensen, P. (Eds.). (2014). Pharmacological Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndromes. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jofré Luna, I. C. (2015). The Mark of the Indian Still Inhabits Our Body: On Ethics and Disciplining in South American Archaeology. In A. Haber & N. Shepherd (Eds.), After Ethics: Ancestral Voices and Post-Disciplinary Worlds in Archaeology (pp. 55–78). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedagogická orientace.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 14). Kidney Failing? Grow A New One. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Circumstances Surrounding Contract Award (B-198750). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wadhwa, P. H. (2015). Secure building automation system using Tesla protocol [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, June 15). Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Skinner, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Skinner, 2012; Stern & Weissman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stern & Weissman, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Shi et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nowack et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedagogická orientace
ISSN (print)1211-4669
ISSN (online)1805-9511

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