How to format your references using the Pedagogická orientace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedagogická orientace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). Are mega-mergers good medicine for the pharmaceutical industry? Nature, 405(6783), 257–258.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, B., & Ohgushi, K. (2013). Superconductivity in anti-post-Perovskite vanadium compounds. Scientific Reports, 3, 3381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, H. Z., Wang, W., & Yi, X. X. (2014). Hall conductance and topological invariant for open systems. Scientific Reports, 4, 6455.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goldberg, J. L., Klassen, M. P., Hua, Y., & Barres, B. A. (2002). Amacrine-signaled loss of intrinsic axon growth ability by retinal ganglion cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1860–1864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, C. L., Narayanamurthy, V., & Simha, K. R. Y. (2016). Applied Impact Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
García-Valdecasas, M., Murillo, J. I., & Barrett, N. F. (Eds.). (2016). Biology and Subjectivity: Philosophical Contributions to Non-reductive Neuroscience (Vol. 2). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanders, C. J. (2016). Toward an Aesthetics of Engagement. In V. Dickerson (Ed.), Poststructural and Narrative Thinking in Family Therapy (pp. 61–81). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedagogická orientace.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 17). A ‘Sixth Sense’ For Humidity Helps Insects Stay Out Of Climatic Trouble. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Joint Simulation Training (NSIAD-94-249R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deutsch, D. (2010). Increased mental health services for the homeless [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, September 9). Well, What Should Hillary Clinton Do? New York Times, SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2000; Wang & Ohgushi, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Ohgushi, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Shen et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Goldberg et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedagogická orientace
ISSN (print)1211-4669
ISSN (online)1805-9511

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