How to format your references using the Pedagogická orientace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedagogická orientace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borak, A. (2005). Applied physics. Toward bridging the terahertz gap with silicon-based lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eaves, A. A., & Palmer, A. R. (2003). Reproduction: widespread cloning in echinoderm larvae. Nature, 425(6954), 146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, A., Dennis, C., & Campbell, P. (2007). Nature’s guide for mentors. Nature, 447(7146), 791–797.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Grimm, N. B., Faeth, S. H., Golubiewski, N. E., Redman, C. L., Wu, J., Bai, X., & Briggs, J. M. (2008). Global change and the ecology of cities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5864), 756–760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bucci, D. (2017). Analog Electronics for Measuring Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cristofaro, E. D., & Murdoch, S. J. (Eds.). (2014). Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 14th International Symposium, PETS 2014, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 16-18, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8555). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bilo, R. A. C., Robben, S. G. F., & van Rijn, R. R. (2010). The Extremities. In S. G. F. Robben & R. R. Rijn (Eds.), Forensic Aspects of Pediatric Fractures: Differentiating Accidental Trauma from Child Abuse (pp. 79–106). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedagogická orientace.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, September 12). This Temperature Timeline Of Earth Shows Exactly How Nonsensical Climate-Change Deniers Really Are. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Improve Expedited Screening Effectiveness, but Improvements in Screener Oversight Are Needed (No. GAO-16-707T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich, M. A. (2017). “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, January 11). Subject Changes, But Ryan Talks On. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Borak, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Borak, 2005; Eaves & Palmer, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eaves & Palmer, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Dennis, & Campbell, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Grimm et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedagogická orientace
ISSN (print)1211-4669
ISSN (online)1805-9511

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