How to format your references using the Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guan, J.-L. (2004). Cell biology. Integrins, rafts, Rac, and Rho. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 773–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rogulja, D., & Young, M. W. (2012). Control of sleep by cyclin A and its regulator. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1617–1621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernhard, H., Fischbacher, U., & Fehr, E. (2006). Parochial altruism in humans. Nature, 442(7105), 912–915.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eldrett, J. S., Harding, I. C., Wilson, P. A., Butler, E., & Roberts, A. P. (2007). Continental ice in Greenland during the Eocene and Oligocene. Nature, 446(7132), 176–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M. (2013). 3G, 4G and Beyond-Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Combemale, B., Cheng, B. H. C., France, R. B., Jézéquel, J.-M., & Rumpe, B. (Eds.). (2015). Globalizing Domain-Specific Languages: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, October 5-10, 2014, Revised Papers (Vol. 9400). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, L. (2015). The Indian Growth Model: A Chinese Perspective. In G. V. C. Naidu, M. Chen, & R. Narayanan (Eds.), India and China in the Emerging Dynamics of East Asia (pp. 59–73). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 15). Factory Made Blood Nearing Human Trials. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). High Risk Series: NASA Contract Management (HR-93-11). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crockett, W. (2017). Student Transitions Into the Full-Time Virtual High School Setting [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, July 22). A Sprint and Leap Into the Unknown. New York Times, F15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Guan, 2004; Rogulja & Young, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rogulja & Young, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Bernhard et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eldrett et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
AbbreviationPeace Confl.
ISSN (print)1078-1919
ISSN (online)1532-7949
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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