How to format your references using the Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wine, J. J. (2014). Medicine. Letting go of mucus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 730–731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Insel, T. R., & Sahakian, B. J. (2012). Drug research: a plan for mental illness. Nature, 483(7389), 269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arp, G., Reimer, A., & Reitner, J. (2001). Photosynthesis-induced biofilm calcification and calcium concentrations in Phanerozoic oceans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1701–1704.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bonifazi, P., Goldin, M., Picardo, M. A., Jorquera, I., Cattani, A., Bianconi, G., Represa, A., Ben-Ari, Y., & Cossart, R. (2009). GABAergic hub neurons orchestrate synchrony in developing hippocampal networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5958), 1419–1424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd. (2017). Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tachibanaki, T. (Ed.). (2016). Advances in Happiness Research: A Comparative Perspective (1st ed. 2016). Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Christoph, A. (2014). Media-Related Aspects of Popularization: The Geographical Serials from the Publishing Houses of Friedrich Justin Bertuch. In E. Liebenberg, P. Collier, & Z. G. Török (Eds.), History of Cartography: International Symposium of the ICA, 2012 (pp. 57–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 27). Deepest Sign of Life Ever Detected. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Commercial Aviation: Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and the Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees Could Benefit Consumers (GAO-10-885T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wallace, D. R. (2006). A Comparative Analysis of a Conventional Versus a Computer-assisted Technique for Identification of Mechanical Power Press Hazards [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007, November 18). Making College a Reality For Hispanic Students. New York Times, 14WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wine, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Insel & Sahakian, 2012; Wine, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Insel & Sahakian, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Arp et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bonifazi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
AbbreviationPeace Confl.
ISSN (print)1078-1919
ISSN (online)1532-7949
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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