How to format your references using the Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Doren, M. (2011): Development. Determining sexual identity. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 333 (6044): 829–830.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oki, T. & Kanae, S. (2006): Global hydrological cycles and world water resources. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 313 (5790): 1068–1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandfield, J.L., Glotch, T.D. & Christensen, P.R. (2003): Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 301 (5636): 1084–1087.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Feng, H., Shuda, M., Chang, Y. & Moore, P.S. (2008): Clonal integration of a polyomavirus in human Merkel cell carcinoma. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 319 (5866): 1096–1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, P.B. (2017): Modern Spain. – (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd) Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alonso, M.J. & Garcia-Fuentes, M. (eds) (2014): Nano-Oncologicals: New Targeting and Delivery Approaches. – pp. 1–XIV, 473 p. 58 illus., 51 illus. in color (Springer International Publishing) Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bušić, A. & Pekergin, N. (2007): Closed Form Absorption Time Bounds. – In: Wolter, K.: Formal Methods and Stochastic Models for Performance Evaluation: Fourth European Performance Engineering Workshop, EPEW 2007, Berlin, Germany, September 27-28, 2007. Proceedings. – pp. 33–47 (Springer) Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013): What sort of life could Mars have supported? – IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015): Airport Finance: Information on Funding Sources and Planned Capital Development. – (U.S. Government Printing Office) Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, E.J. (2016): What experiences create and nurture a love of science? – Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M.K. (2015): High-Profile Union Ends Abruptly. – New York Times: ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Doren 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Oki & Kanae 2006; Van Doren 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oki & Kanae 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology
ISSN (print)2194-900X
ISSN (online)2509-839X

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