How to format your references using the Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, N. (2011): Applied physics. Antenna-guided light. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 334 (6054): 317–318.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, B.D. & Foley, W.J. (2005): Tree use by koalas in a chemically complex landscape. – Nature, 435 (7041): 488–490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Bai, M. & Wang, L. (2013): General and facile surface functionalization of hydrophobic nanocrystals with poly(amino acid) for cell luminescence imaging. – Scientific reports, 3: 2023.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kopp, V.I., Churikov, V.M., Singer, J., Chao, N., Neugroschl, D. & Genack, A.Z. (2004): Chiral fiber gratings. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 305 (5680): 74–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pangarkar, V.G. (2014): Design of Multiphase Reactors. – (John Wiley & Sons, Inc) Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Heintze, H.-J. & Zwitter, A. (eds) (2011): International Law and Humanitarian Assistance: A Crosscut Through Legal Issues Pertaining to Humanitarianism. – pp. 1–IX, 141 p (Springer) Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, Y. & Tang, S. (2016): Two Approaches to Build UOV Variants with Shorter Private Key and Faster Signature Generation. – In: Lin, D., Wang, X. & Yung, M.: Information Security and Cryptology: 11th International Conference, Inscrypt 2015, Beijing, China, November 1-3, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. – pp. 57–74 (Springer International Publishing) Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016): Why Does This Star Cluster Have So Many Hot Jupiters? – IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012): Aviation Security: Actions Needed to Address Challenges and Potential Vulnerabilities Related to Securing Inbound Air Cargo. – (U.S. Government Printing Office) Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jujhavarapu, S. (2017): Real Time Driver Drowsiness Detection. – Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B. & Ivory, D. (2016): Bill to Weaken Dodd-Frank’s Rules on Private Equity Nears House Vote. – New York Times: B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Moore & Foley 2005; Engheta 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore & Foley 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kopp et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology
ISSN (print)2194-900X
ISSN (online)2509-839X

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