How to format your references using the Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.A. Mysak, Oceanography. Patterns of Arctic circulation, Science. 293 (2001) 1269–1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Ouellette, M.E. Selsted, Immunology. HD6 defensin nanonets, Science. 337 (2012) 420–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.A. Solov’yov, T. Domratcheva, K. Schulten, Separation of photo-induced radical pair in cryptochrome to a functionally critical distance, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3845.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Kalas, J.R. Graham, E. Chiang, M.P. Fitzgerald, M. Clampin, E.S. Kite, K. Stapelfeldt, C. Marois, J. Krist, Optical images of an exosolar planet 25 light-years from Earth, Science. 322 (2008) 1345–1348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Minoli, A Networking Approach to Grid Computing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
R. Egel, D.-H. Lankenau, A.Y. Mulkidjanian, eds., Origins of Life: The Primal Self-Organization, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Choi, I.C. Kim, Homogenization with oscillatory Neumann boundary data in general domain, in: A. Chambolle, M. Novaga, E. Valdinoci (Eds.), Geometric Partial Differential Equations Proceedings, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, 2013: pp. 105–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Celestial Fireworks due in 2018 When a Pulsar Passes Through the Atmosphere of a Giant Star, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Congressional Budget Reform: What Are Its Prospects?, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.I. Gimbel, Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Whiteside, Refusing to Let the Seizures Defeat Him, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2405-8823

Other styles