How to format your references using the Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Banda, Science in Europe. Implementing the European research area, Science. 295 (2002) 443.
A journal article with 2 authors
O.-H. Kwon, A.H. Zewail, 4D electron tomography, Science. 328 (2010) 1668–1673.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.J. Bonderer, A.R. Studart, L.J. Gauckler, Bioinspired design and assembly of platelet reinforced polymer films, Science. 319 (2008) 1069–1073.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Luo, M.G. Kaplitt, H.L. Fitzsimons, D.S. Zuzga, Y. Liu, M.L. Oshinsky, M.J. During, Subthalamic GAD gene therapy in a Parkinson’s disease rat model, Science. 298 (2002) 425–429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.S. Blicq, L.A. Moretto, Writing Reports to Get Results, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA, 2015.
An edited book
E.G. Njoku, ed., Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. von Lücken, C. Brizuela, B. Barán, Clustering Based Parallel Many-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms Using the Shape of the Objective Vectors, in: A. Gaspar-Cunha, C. Henggeler Antunes, C.C. Coello (Eds.), Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 50–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering.

Blog post
T. Hale, New Footage Shows A Wild Orangutan Using A Saw To Cut A Tree In Half, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information on Funding of Correctional Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Fay, Aposematic Variation and the Evolution of Warning Coloration in Mammals, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, An Underachieving Symbol of the Mets’ Lost Decade, New York Times. (2011) B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2405-8823

Other styles