How to format your references using the Ornitología Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ornitología Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heymann, D. L. 2014. Ebola: learn from the past. Nature 514: 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek, J. T., & R. D. Peng. 2015. Statistics: P values are just the tip of the iceberg. Nature 520: 612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, W., C. Smith, & L. Cheng. 2013. Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci. Rep. 3: 2376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wheeler, M. J., B. H. J. de Graaf, N. Hadjiosif, R. M. Perry, N. S. Poulter, K. Osman, S. Vatovec, A. Harper, F. C. H. Franklin, & V. E. Franklin-Tong. 2009. Identification of the pollen self-incompatibility determinant in Papaver rhoeas. Nature 459: 992–995.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toy, M. 2012. Networks and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Loue, S. ed. 2013. Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gamarel, K. E., & T. A. Revenson. 2015. Dyadic Adaptation to Chronic Illness: The Importance of Considering Context in Understanding Couples’ Resilience. Pp. 83–105 in Skerrett, K. & K. Fergus (eds). Couple Resilience: Emerging Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ornitología Neotropical.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Ants Form Daisy-Chain To Haul Away Millipede. IFLScience. Available at [Accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Issues to Be Considered During Deliberations to Reauthorize the Federal-Aid Highway Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swinford, R. R. 2012. Adapted dance - connecting mind, body and soul. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2015. Depicting Envy, ‘the Most Corrosive of the Sins.’ New York Times: WE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heymann 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Heymann 2014, Leek & Peng 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek & Peng 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wheeler et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrnitología Neotropical
ISSN (print)1075-4377

Other styles