How to format your references using the Ornitología Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ornitología Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loubere, P. 2000. Marine control of biological production in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Nature 406: 497–500.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubincam, D. P., & S. J. Paddack. 2007. Planetary science. As tiny worlds turn. Science 316: 211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamas-Linares, A., J. C. Howell, & D. Bouwmeester. 2001. Stimulated emission of polarization-entangled photons. Nature 412: 887–890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Siracusa, M. C., S. A. Saenz, D. A. Hill, B. S. Kim, M. B. Headley, T. A. Doering, E. J. Wherry, H. K. Jessup, L. A. Siegel, T. Kambayashi, E. C. Dudek, M. Kubo, A. Cianferoni, J. M. Spergel, S. F. Ziegler, M. R. Comeau, & D. Artis. 2011. TSLP promotes interleukin-3-independent basophil haematopoiesis and type 2 inflammation. Nature 477: 229–233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robyns, B., B. François, G. Delille, & C. Saudemont. 2015. Energy Storage in Electric Power Grids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Israel, G. 2009. The World as a Mathematical Game: John von Neumann and Twentieth Century Science Gasca, A. M. (ed). Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Capello, R., U. Fratesi, & L. Resmini. 2011. Spatial Patterns of Globalization Trends. Pp. 87–142 in Fratesi, U. & L. Resmini (eds). Globalization and Regional Growth in Europe: Past Trends and Future Scenarios. Advances in Spatial Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ornitología Neotropical.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. Comets’ Nuclei Break Up And Make Up Over Their Life Time. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. GAO’s Need for an Interim Management Data System (MDS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coughenour, B. M. 2014. Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & M. Haberman. 2017. Volume Rising In Nativist Talk From President. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loubere 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loubere 2000, Rubincam & Paddack 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubincam & Paddack 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Siracusa et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrnitología Neotropical
ISSN (print)1075-4377

Other styles