How to format your references using the Ornitología Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ornitología Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, G. S. 2012. Geochemistry. Moonstruck magnetism. Science 335: 1176–1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dragoi, G., & S. Tonegawa. 2011. Preplay of future place cell sequences by hippocampal cellular assemblies. Nature 469: 397–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pobbati, A. V., A. Stein, & D. Fasshauer. 2006. N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion. Science 313: 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, H., B. Dong, Z. Zhang, H. F. Zhang, & C. Sun. 2014. A transparent broadband ultrasonic detector based on an optical micro-ring resonator for photoacoustic microscopy. Sci. Rep. 4: 4496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani, S., F. Lopes, R. Filali, D. Dumur, & D. Pareau. 2014. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Osman, N., & C. Sierra eds. 2016. Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems: AAMAS 2016 Workshops, Visionary Papers, Singapore, Singapore, May 9-10, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Capasso, V., & D. Morale. 2013. A Multiscale Approach Leading to Hybrid Mathematical Models for Angiogenesis: The Role of Randomness. Pp. 87–115 in Ledzewicz, U., H. Schättler, A. Friedman, & E. Kashdan (eds). Mathematical Methods and Models in Biomedicine. Lecture Notes on Mathematical Modelling in the Life Sciences. Springer, New York, NY

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ornitología Neotropical.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Polar Bear Shatters Previous Dive Record While Stalking Seals. IFLScience. Available at [Accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin, J. H. 2015. Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Becker, J. O., M. Apuzzo, & A. Goldman. 2017. Trump Team Met Russian Offering Dirt on Clinton. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2012, Dragoi & Tonegawa 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dragoi & Tonegawa 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrnitología Neotropical
ISSN (print)1075-4377

Other styles