How to format your references using the Ornitología Neotropical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ornitología Neotropical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D. 2003. Scientists call for Canada to boost polar-shelf funding. Nature 421: 464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moreira, D., & P. López-García. 2005. Comment on “The 1.2-megabase genome sequence of Mimivirus.” Science 308: 1114; author reply 1114.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merkle, F. T., Z. Mirzadeh, & A. Alvarez-Buylla. 2007. Mosaic organization of neural stem cells in the adult brain. Science 317: 381–384.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan, X., S. Eathiraj, M. Munson, & D. G. Lambright. 2006. TBC-domain GAPs for Rab GTPases accelerate GTP hydrolysis by a dual-finger mechanism. Nature 442: 303–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa, K. 2005. Introduction to Nonparametric Regression: Takezawa/Introduction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rothrock, L., & S. Narayanan eds. 2011. Human-in-the-Loop Simulations: Methods and Practice. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Dang, Q.-V., I. Nielsen, & K. Steger-Jensen. 2012. Mathematical Formulation for Mobile Robot Scheduling Problem in a Manufacturing Cell. Pp. 37–44 in Frick, J. & B. T. Laugen (eds). Advances in Production Management Systems. Value Networks: Innovation, Technologies, and Management: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2011, Stavanger, Norway, September 26-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ornitología Neotropical.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2016. Forget Fukushima: Chernobyl Still Holds Record As Worst Nuclear Accident For Public Health. IFLScience. Available at [Accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Federal White-Collar Special Rate Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, D. 2017. Numerical Simulation of a Flowfield Around a Hypersonic Missile with Lateral Jets. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. 2017. As E.U.’s Roster Swells, So Does Linguistic Burden. New York Times: A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Spurgeon 2003, Moreira & López-García 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moreira & López-García 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrnitología Neotropical
ISSN (print)1075-4377

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