How to format your references using the Organization Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wollman R (2014) Development. Counting the ways to decode dynamic signals. Science 343(6177):1326–1327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sothmann B, Flindt C (2013) Physics. Quantized electronic heat flow. Science 342(6158):569–570.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller H, Peters A, Chu S (2010) A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves. Nature 463(7283):926–929.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Florusse LJ, Peters CJ, Schoonman J, Hester KC, Koh CA, Dec SF, Marsh KN, Sloan ED (2004) Stable low-pressure hydrogen clusters stored in a binary clathrate hydrate. Science 306(5695):469–471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kieser J, Taylor M, Carr D (2012) Forensic Biomechanics (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK).
An edited book
Marcus A ed. (2011) Design, User Experience, and Usability. Theory, Methods, Tools and Practice: First International Conference, DUXU 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Pardillo J, Golfarelli M, Rizzi S, Trujillo J (2009) Visual Modelling of Data Warehousing Flows with UML Profiles. Pedersen TB, Mohania MK, Tjoa AM, eds. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 11th International Conference, DaWaK 2009 Linz, Austria, August 31–September 2, 2009 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Science.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Anti-Pollution And Anti-Corruption Laws To Be Repealed By Congress. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Highway Signs: Conversion to Metric Units Could Be Costly (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papp TM (2017) CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact. Doctoral dissertation. (University of South Florida, Tampa, FL).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2010) Long-Separated Portraits, on a Wall Together at Last. New York Times (March 18).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wollman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sothmann and Flindt 2013, Wollman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sothmann and Flindt 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Florusse et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Science
ISSN (print)1047-7039
ISSN (online)1526-5455
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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