How to format your references using the Organization Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kappeler PM (2013) Evolution. Why male mammals are monogamous. Science 341(6145):469–470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruths D, Pfeffer J (2014) Social sciences. Social media for large studies of behavior. Science 346(6213):1063–1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh S, Sood AK, Kumar N (2003) Carbon nanotube flow sensors. Science 299(5609):1042–1044.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang Q, Li G, Rhodes D, Kiswandhi A, Besara T, Zeng B, Sun J, Siegrist T, Johannes MD, Balicas L (2013) CORRIGENDUM: Superconductivity with extremely large upper critical fields in Nb2Pd0.81S5. Sci. Rep. 3:1682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burghardt G, Walls B (2011) Managed Futures for Institutional Investors (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Bakir A (2016) Program the Internet of Things with Swift for iOS Chesler G, Torriente M de la, eds. (Apress, Berkeley, CA).
A chapter in an edited book
Dörfler W, Lechleiter A, Plum M, Schneider G, Wieners C (2011) The role of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in nonlinear optics. Lechleiter A, Plum M, Schneider G, Wieners C, eds. Photonic Crystals: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Approximation. (Springer, Basel), 127–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Science.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Amazing 3D Fractals Inspired By Faberge Eggs. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Command and Control: Upgrades Allow Deferral of $500 Million Computer Acquisition (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White AE (2015) Female ministers in pastoral leadership: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation. (University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2006) Beleaguered Russian Orchestra Tours U.S. New York Times (March 4).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kappeler 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kappeler 2013, Ruths and Pfeffer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruths and Pfeffer 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Science
ISSN (print)1047-7039
ISSN (online)1526-5455
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles