How to format your references using the Organization Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Worlock DR (2001) The best and worst of times. Nature 413(6857):671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bucknall DG, Anderson HL (2003) Chemistry. Polymers get organized. Science 302(5652):1904–1905.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanczyc MM, Fujikawa SM, Szostak JW (2003) Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division. Science 302(5645):618–622.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Heldwein EE, Lou H, Bender FC, Cohen GH, Eisenberg RJ, Harrison SC (2006) Crystal structure of glycoprotein B from herpes simplex virus 1. Science 313(5784):217–220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noar J (2014) Interceptive Orthodontics (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK).
An edited book
Kole C ed. (2011) Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Temperate Fruits (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg).
A chapter in an edited book
Albertos P, Sanz L, Mateos I, Sánchez-Vicente I, Lechón T, Fernández-Espinosa G, Rodríguez D, Lorenzo O (2016) Gasotransmission of Nitric Oxide (NO) at Early Plant Developmental Stages. Lamattina L, García-Mata C, eds. Gasotransmitters in Plants: The Rise of a New Paradigm in Cell Signaling. Signaling and Communication in Plants. (Springer International Publishing, Cham), 95–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) 13-Year-Old Becomes Youngest Scientist to Achieve Nuclear Fusion. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Its Usefulness (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desai SS (2013) CFD simuation of flow past a rotating circular cylinder with an end plate. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Opposition Politician Missing. New York Times (March 27).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Worlock 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bucknall and Anderson 2003, Worlock 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bucknall and Anderson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Heldwein et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Science
ISSN (print)1047-7039
ISSN (online)1526-5455
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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