How to format your references using the Organization Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren A (2000) Stem cells: golden opportunities with ethical baggage. Science 288(5472):1778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson JL, Shuttleworth TJ (2013) How many Orai’s does it take to make a CRAC channel? Sci. Rep. 3:1961.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim H, Chen J, Yu X (2007) Ubiquitin-binding protein RAP80 mediates BRCA1-dependent DNA damage response. Science 316(5828):1202–1205.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sun Y, Tsuchiya Y, Taen T, Yamada T, Pyon S, Sugimoto A, Ekino T, Shi Z, Tamegai T (2014) Dynamics and mechanism of oxygen annealing in Fe1+yTe0.6Se0.4 single crystal. Sci. Rep. 4:4585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kampen TU (2010) Low Molecular Weight Organic Semiconductors (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany).
An edited book
Zada G, Lopes MBS, Mukundan S Jr, Laws ER Jr eds. (2016) Atlas of Sellar and Parasellar Lesions: Clinical, Radiologic, and Pathologic Correlations (Springer International Publishing, Cham).
A chapter in an edited book
Spaldin NA (2007) Analogies and Differences between Ferroelectrics and Ferromagnets. Rabe KM, Ahn CH, Triscone JM, eds. Physics of Ferroelectrics: A Modern Perspective. Topics in Applied Physics. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), 175–218.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Science.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dumb or Dumber? Jim Carrey’s Anti-Vax Antics Expose the Tactics of Internet Cranks. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Samel C (2014) Imagination and negotiation: Motivations for Cambodian women to marry Cambodian American men. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR, Erdbrink T (2017) U.S. Shoots Down Syrian Warplane; Iran Launches Missiles Into Syria. New York Times (June 18).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaren 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McLaren 2000, Thompson and Shuttleworth 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Shuttleworth 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Science
ISSN (print)1047-7039
ISSN (online)1526-5455
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles