How to format your references using the Organization Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downie JA (2007) Plant science. Infectious heresy. Science 316(5829):1296–1297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saviane C, Silver RA (2006) Fast vesicle reloading and a large pool sustain high bandwidth transmission at a central synapse. Nature 439(7079):983–987.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bania TM, Rood RT, Balser DS (2002) The cosmological density of baryons from observations of 3He+ in the Milky Way. Nature 415(6867):54–57.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mandel MJ, Wollenberg MS, Stabb EV, Visick KL, Ruby EG (2009) A single regulatory gene is sufficient to alter bacterial host range. Nature 458(7235):215–218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hellesland J, Challamel N, Casandjian C, Lanos C (2013) Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA).
An edited book
Heck A ed. (2006) Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy Volume 6 (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht).
A chapter in an edited book
Obrosova IG (2007) Hyperglycemia-Initiated Mechanisms in Diabetic Neuropathy. Veves A, Malik RA, eds. Diabetic Neuropathy: Clinical Management. Clinical Diabetes. (Humana Press, Totowa, NJ), 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization Science.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Newly Developed 3D Printer Can Print With Ten Different Materials. IFLScience. Retrieved (October 30, 2018), .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Air Force ADP: Logistics Systems Modernization Costs Continue to Increase (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick KE (2009) Response to Intervention research to practice: Exploring a school in transition—a case study. Doctoral dissertation. (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hamblin J (2017) Sick of Success. New York Times (January 27).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Downie 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Downie 2007, Saviane and Silver 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saviane and Silver 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Mandel et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization Science
ISSN (print)1047-7039
ISSN (online)1526-5455
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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