How to format your references using the Organisms Diversity & Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organisms Diversity & Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA MEETING: Geologists Pursue Solar System’s Oldest Relics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5500), 2239–2242.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeLong, E. F., & Karl, D. M. (2005). Genomic perspectives in microbial oceanography. Nature, 437(7057), 336–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, P., Bertone, J. F., & Colvin, V. L. (2001). A lost-wax approach to monodisperse colloids and their crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5503), 453–457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gao, H., Hu, G., Zhang, Q., Zhang, S., Jiang, X., & He, Q. (2014). Pretreatment with chemotherapeutics for enhanced nanoparticles accumulation in tumor: the potential role of G2 cycle retention effect. Scientific reports, 4, 4492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prager, F. H., & Rosteck, H. (2006). Polyurethane and Fire. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Adão, T. (2016). Ontology-based Procedural Modelling of Traversable Buildings Composed by Arbitrary Shapes. (L. Magalhães & E. Peres, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fishman, L. M., & Wilkins, A. N. (2011). Treating Neurological Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Identified by a Provoked Electromyographic Sign: Analysis of the Data. In A. N. Wilkins (Ed.), Functional Electromyography: Provocative Maneuvers in Electrodiagnosis (pp. 65–75). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organisms Diversity & Evolution.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 26). Psychedelic Lichen May Contain Multiple Hallucinogenic Compounds. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Federal Research: Guidance for Equipment Acquired Under Grants and Cooperative Agreements (No. RCED-99-73). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelton-Quinn, A. (2009). Increasing positive peer reporting and on -task behavior using a peer monitoring interdependent group contingency program with public posting (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mann, J. (2016, October 27). America’s dangerous ‘China fantasy.’ New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (DeLong and Karl 2005; Kerr 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeLong and Karl 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganisms Diversity & Evolution
AbbreviationOrg. Divers. Evol.
ISSN (print)1439-6092
ISSN (online)1618-1077
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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