How to format your references using the Organisms Diversity & Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organisms Diversity & Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nadis, S. (2000). Brookhaven collider opens its quest for Big Bang conditions. Nature, 405(6789), 874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, G. D., & Gordon, S. (2001). Immune recognition. A new receptor for beta-glucans. Nature, 413(6851), 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karnath, H. O., Ferber, S., & Himmelbach, M. (2001). Spatial awareness is a function of the temporal not the posterior parietal lobe. Nature, 411(6840), 950–953.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Déjardin, J., Rappailles, A., Cuvier, O., Grimaud, C., Decoville, M., Locker, D., & Cavalli, G. (2005). Recruitment of Drosophila Polycomb group proteins to chromatin by DSP1. Nature, 434(7032), 533–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R. A. (2006). Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Setchi, R., Jordanov, I., Howlett, R. J., & Jain, L. C. (Eds.). (2010). Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 14th International Conference, KES 2010, Cardiff, UK, September 8-10, 2010, Proceedings, Part IV (Vol. 6279). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Smilowitz, N. R., & Saric, M. (2016). Catheter-Based Atrial Septal Defect Closure. In M. H. Picard, J. J. Passeri, & J. P. Dal-Bianco (Eds.), Intraprocedural Imaging of Cardiovascular Interventions (pp. 49–58). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organisms Diversity & Evolution.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 12). Dwarf Galaxies Fail To Match Expectations. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Intercollegiate Athletics: Revenues and Expenses, Gender and Minority Profiles, and Compensation in Athletic Departments (No. T-HRD-92-25). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
So, R. J. (2010). Coolie democracy: U.S.-China political and literary exchange, 1925-1955 (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, July 24). Art With an Inflated Sense of Itself. New York Times, p. WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Gordon 2001; Nadis 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Gordon 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Déjardin et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganisms Diversity & Evolution
AbbreviationOrg. Divers. Evol.
ISSN (print)1439-6092
ISSN (online)1618-1077
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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