How to format your references using the Organic Process Research & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Process Research & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. Los Alamos “loses” Key Weapons Data. Nature 2000, 405 (6788), 725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Custance, O.; Morita, S. Materials Science. How to Move an Atom. Science 2008, 319 (5866), 1051–1052.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Gaal, L. F.; Mertens, I. L.; De Block, C. E. Mechanisms Linking Obesity with Cardiovascular Disease. Nature 2006, 444 (7121), 875–880.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, J.-S.; Kim, J.; Park, S.; Jeon, J.; Shin, Y.-E.; Kim, S. Spatial and Functional Organization of Mitochondrial Protein Network. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, B. L.; Hendrix, S. B.; Hedges, D. W.; Smith, T. B. Multivariate Analysis for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Particle Radiotherapy: Emerging Technology for Treatment of Cancer, 1st ed. 2016.; Rath, A. K., Sahoo, N., Eds.; Springer India: New Delhi, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong, X.; Zhao, Y.; Yua, J.; Peng, Q. Optimal Determination of the T-Hour Unit Hydrograph by Using Goal Attainment Method. In Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering: Proceedings of 16th IAHR-APD Congress and 3rd Symposium of IAHR-ISHS; Tang, H., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp 18–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Process Research & Development.

Blog post
Evans, K. Chinese Environmental Officials Arrested For Faking Air Pollution Results (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Should Assess the Design of the E-Rate Program’s Internal Control Structure; GAO-10-908; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman, C. P. The Effect of Head and Heart on Municipal Employee Retention. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Pondering Curses at Chavez Ravine. New York Times. April 8, 2012, p SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Process Research & Development
AbbreviationOrg. Process Res. Dev.
ISSN (print)1083-6160
ISSN (online)1520-586X
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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