How to format your references using the Organic Process Research & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organic Process Research & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, N. Applied Physics. Antenna-Guided Light. Science 2011, 334 (6054), 317–318.
A journal article with 2 authors
Julius, D.; Basbaum, A. I. Molecular Mechanisms of Nociception. Nature 2001, 413 (6852), 203–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayr, C.; Hemann, M. T.; Bartel, D. P. Disrupting the Pairing between Let-7 and Hmga2 Enhances Oncogenic Transformation. Science 2007, 315 (5818), 1576–1579.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Adhikari, P.; Wen, A. M.; French, R. H.; Parsegian, V. A.; Steinmetz, N. F.; Podgornik, R.; Ching, W.-Y. Electronic Structure, Dielectric Response, and Surface Charge Distribution of RGD (1FUV) Peptide. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic, G. Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Learning Classifier Systems: 11th International Workshop, IWLCS 2008, Atlanta, GA, USA, July 13, 2008, and 12th International Workshop, IWLCS 2009, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 9, 2009, Revised Selected Papers; Bacardit, J., Browne, W., Drugowitsch, J., Bernadó-Mansilla, E., Butz, M. V., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6471.
A chapter in an edited book
Geller, M. R.; Pritchett, E. J.; Sornborger, A. T.; Wilhelm, F. K. Quantum Computing with Superconductors I: Architectures. In Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems; Flatté, M. E., Ţifrea, I., Eds.; NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2007; pp 171–194.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organic Process Research & Development.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Why Can’t We Remember Our Early Childhood? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. China: U.S. Universities in China Emphasize Academic Freedom but Face Internet Censorship and Other Challenges; GAO-16-757; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, A. N. A Diastereomeric Strategy in the Construction of Homochiral Metal-Organic Architectures. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mann, J. America’s Dangerous ‘China Fantasy.’ New York Times. October 27, 2016, p A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganic Process Research & Development
AbbreviationOrg. Process Res. Dev.
ISSN (print)1083-6160
ISSN (online)1520-586X
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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