How to format your references using the Operations Management Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Operations Management Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grossman JN (2000) PLANETARY SCIENCE: Enhanced: A Meteorite Falls on Ice. Science 290:283–285
A journal article with 2 authors
Wortmann UG, Chernyavsky BM (2007) Effect of evaporite deposition on Early Cretaceous carbon and sulphur cycling. Nature 446:654–656
A journal article with 3 authors
McCormick MI, Watson S-A, Munday PL (2013) Ocean acidification reverses competition for space as habitats degrade. Sci Rep 3:3280
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Favrin G, Bean DM, Bilsland E, et al (2013) Identification of novel modifiers of Aβ toxicity by transcriptomic analysis in the fruitfly. Sci Rep 3:3512

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deichmann U (2005) Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
d’Avila Garcez AS (2009) Neural-Symbolic Cognitive Reasoning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Schiefer HG, Diemer T, Weidner W (2007) Urosepsis. In: Hohenfellner M, Santucci RA (eds) Emergencies in Urology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Operations Management Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Exozodiacal Light Could Hinder Direct Imaging of Earth-Like Exoplanets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Railroad Safety: New Approach Needed for Effective FRA Safety Inspection Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee S (2013) Control-display alignment modulates dimensional salience. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R (1993) Desire Under the Waves. New York Times 714

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grossman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Grossman 2000; Wortmann and Chernyavsky 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wortmann and Chernyavsky 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Favrin et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleOperations Management Research
AbbreviationOper. Manag. Res.
ISSN (print)1936-9735
ISSN (online)1936-9743
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles