How to format your references using the One Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for One Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M. Hutson, Chemistry. Ultracold chemistry, Science. 327 (2010) 788–789.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Ahmed, J. Hodgkin, MRT-2 checkpoint protein is required for germline immortality and telomere replication in C. elegans, Nature. 403 (2000) 159–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.P. Barnett, D.W. Pierce, R. Schnur, Detection of anthropogenic climate change in the world’s oceans, Science. 292 (2001) 270–274.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. D’Autréaux, N.P. Tucker, R. Dixon, S. Spiro, A non-haem iron centre in the transcription factor NorR senses nitric oxide, Nature. 437 (2005) 769–772.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.S. da Silva, R. Simões, H. Gervásio, G. Couchman, Design of Steel Structures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2015.
An edited book
V. Ebrahimipour, S. Yacout, eds., Ontology Modeling in Physical Asset Integrity Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Ugalde, N. Homedes, Politics and Clinical Trials in the Province of Cordoba, in: N. Homedes, A. Ugalde (Eds.), Clinical Trials in Latin America: Where Ethics and Business Clash, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 113–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for One Health.

Blog post
T. Hale, NASA’s Solar Observatory Does A Corkscrew Spin And Gets Some Amazing Images, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Use of ADP Equipment Operated by Three or Four Typical Government Contractors, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.M. Chavez, A quasi-experimental study of the relationship between school structure and student outcomes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, M. Hale, N. Genzlinger, M. Lyons, An Hour, or Less, That Stood Out, New York Times. (2016) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOne Health
AbbreviationOne Health
ISSN (print)2352-7714

Other styles